What is the slogan of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

A phrase that has many meanings - what “Jai Hind” is to all of us

The "Jai Hind" slogan also became the first commemorative postmark of independent India, issued on Independence Day. (Illustration: C R Sasikumar)

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In September, Madhya Pradesh, School Education Minister Vijay Shah introduced the practice of children answering their flag roll call in schools with “Jai Hind”. Initially attempting on an experimental basis in Satna District, Shah has now gone ahead of his promise to expand the practice in other locations in the state, making it compulsory for students in Madhya Pradesh to call 1.22 lakh state schools an answer to their roles by calling They say, 'Jai Hind'.

The most famous speech in independent India, Jawahar Lal Nehru's "Rendezvous with Fate", given at midnight on August 15, 1947, also ended with the address "Jai Hind". Nehru repeated this from the ramparts of the Red Fort the next day, too, which was unusual for a slogan that had been coined just a few years earlier. Furthermore, it wasn't a slogan that was coined by the Congress Party or the independence movement in India.

It is widely recognized that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose started and popularized "Jai Hind" as a salutation for soldiers of his Indian National Army (INA) who fought on the side of Japan in World War II. In his 2014 book Lengendotes Hyderabad, former civil servant Narendra Luther says that the term was coined by Zain-ul-Abidin Hasan, the son of a collector from Hyderabad, who had gone to Germany to study technology. In Germany, Hasan came into contact with Bose, left his studies and joined Bose as his secretary and interpreter.

Hasan later became a major in the INA and took part in the war on the Burma front. After independence, he joined the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), taking the family name ‘Saffrani’ after the color saffron in the Indian flag, and moved to serve as ambassador to Denmark. Hasan grand-nephew, Anvar Ali Khan, later wrote in an article that his great-uncle was the job of Bose for a military salute to and / or the salutation for the INA soldiers, a motto that was not a caste or community.

In contrast to the Anglo-Indian Army, or its successor Indian Army, both by those that were organized on the basis of caste and parishes, the INA was organized on an all-India basis. In contrast to "Sat Sri Akal" or "Salaam Alaikum" or "Jai Ma Durge" or "Ram Ram", which were drawn from different regiments of the British-Indian Army, the soldiers of the INA, Bose needed a standard greeting, representing all of India.

Read also: Answer appeal with Jai Hind, BJP minister says Madhya Pradesh schools

Luther's book says that Hasan had initially suggested, "Hello," which was rejected by Bose. According to Anvar Ali Khan, the idea for “Jai Hind” was Hasan when he was hiking around the Konigsbruck POW camp. He heard two Rajput soldiers GREET each other with the slogan “Jai Ramji ki’. That sparked the idea of ​​‘Jai Hindustan ki’ in his mind, and the sentence was soon shortened to “Jai Hind’.

This became a rousing slogan during the later stages of the independence movement, capturing the imagination of the masses. But Mahatma Gandhi was against forcing anyone to say it. A year before independence, protesters in Bombay, in support of the Indian navy mutineers, were tried in February 1946, forcing the locals to shout "Jai Hind". Gandhi responded to the event at the Harijan in March 1946 by remarking that to 'force a single person' to 'shout' Jai Hind 'was in fact a nail in the coffin of the Swaraj in relation to the dumb millions of people India".

But Gandhi's motto immortalized when he crocheted a piece of cotton lace, spun from a yarn, himself, with the central motif “Jai Hind” on it, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, as a wedding gift in 1947. The “Jai Hind 'slogan also became the first commemorative postmark of independent India, issued on Independence Day.

In one of the many ironies of independent India, "Jai Hind" was soon adopted by the armed forces as a military salute, with a slogan from an army that fought bitterly against them only a few years ago.

Yet the beauty of the phrase lies in its double meaning: while the military can take it like victory ‘India’, the more pacifist can take it, it means “long live India”.

Jai Hind indeed.

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