What is a degree in engineering
Degrees and the engineering degree
Which kills are there and who can even call themselves an engineer? We take a look at the different degrees.
In our database of all universities that offer engineering courses, you will find the degrees bachelor, master, diploma and even the state examination. You can become an engineer with all of them.
Bachelor and Master in detail:
Bachelor and master are the usual degrees, the diploma is still a few, but in principle belongs to history. The state examination is rather unusual, but it still exists in the field of food chemistry.
Why is the graduate engineer dying out?
Graduate engineer - for many this is still a familiar job title. For some years now, however, the diploma courses have been disappearing and have been converted to bachelor and master degrees, so that there are fewer and fewer "Dipl.-Ing." However, the activities remain the same; of course, engineers continue to be highly regarded specialists.
Changeover to Bachelor and Master
But what about the reform of the degree programs and the Bologna Process? What do the two different degrees mean? Here are the answers:
Uniform courses of study
Many companies are also active internationally; studying or working abroad at times is standard today. This also made it necessary to create uniform courses of study. A German university degree must be comparable to a French or English degree in order to offer all applicants the same opportunities and to simplify the recruitment criteria. In Europe there was therefore the Bologna reform, named after the Italian city of the same name: This is where government representatives from 29 European countries met in 1999 to initiate the introduction of cross-national degrees. 47 states are now involved and the changeover has largely been completed.
Shorter study times
The Bologna reform also brought a reduction in study times and thus a faster entry into professional life. Previously, study periods of 8, 10 or 12 semesters were common in Germany, which were often exceeded by many semesters. The standard period of study for the new bachelor's degree courses, on the other hand, is 6 semesters, a master's degree usually takes 4 semesters. Those who complete both will end up at 10 semesters again, but the two-stage nature makes it possible to “only” do a bachelor's degree or to enter professional life after this first degree and later to add a master’s degree - also part-time (further education Master).
Two different degrees
The previous diploma courses were divided into the "basic course" and the "post-graduate course". As the name suggests, the basics were created in the former, which were then deepened during the subsequent postgraduate studies. For a degree, however, both sections had to be mastered - although there was the “Vordiplom” with completed basic studies, but this was only the preliminary stage to the final degree.
The new courses, on the other hand, are structured in such a way that the Bachelor's degree is already assessed as an independent degree. This course is limited to the teaching of the basics (although many Bachelor courses already allow a deepening / specialization), but the content is designed in such a way that it enables people to start their careers in many areas. This is why the bachelor's degree is also called a “professional degree”.
Those who expand their knowledge or z. B. would like to qualify for certain management positions, ties in with the master’s degree that builds on this. The master’s degree is also a prerequisite for a doctorate and is therefore important for students aiming for a career in research.
With the variety of Bachelor's / Master's degree programs, new combination options have emerged. While a degree in electrical engineering was largely determined, for example, it is now possible to do a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering and, for example, in the master’s degree. B. to study information and communication technology or engineering informatics. Many master’s courses are taught in English and are therefore internationally oriented.
Credits instead of bills
In keeping with the international context, there are no longer any "certificates" for the new courses. In Germany that was the name of the certificates that you received after passing each examination and had to present for admission to the final thesis. Instead, the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) was introduced: Anyone who has achieved a certain number of "Credit Points" can register for the final Bachelor or Master thesis. The advantage is that the system ensures international quality standards and the transferability of performance records.
Conclusion: a matter of attitude
The new system has its advantages and disadvantages. The positive aspects have been described here, the negative aspects include the fact that the new courses are considered to be “tighter” and “more schooled”. While it was previously more possible to take a relaxed approach to studying, there are now z. B. Increasingly compulsory attendance at lectures or less space for other activities. The abolition of the diploma is also viewed ambiguously. But the quality of universities and colleges and their lecturers is unlikely to have changed. In the end, what matters is what you do with your studies.
The engineer title: who is an engineer and who is not?
Today you no longer have to acquire the title of qualified engineer to be allowed to call yourself an engineer. You can also be an engineer with a bachelor's, master's or state examination.
While the job title "engineer" was legally protected with the graduate engineer and very clearly laid down in the state engineering laws, the definition of the job title is less specific with the changeover to the new degrees.
The Federal Chamber of Engineers defines the engineering profession as follows:
"The job title engineer Alone or in a combination of words, anyone who has successfully completed a degree in a technical-engineering subject with at least six theoretical semesters at a German, state or state-recognized university or professional academy or mining academy and this course of study is predominantly characterized by engineering-related MINT subjects. "
In other words, anyone who has a strong technical or scientific degree with an academic degree is an engineer.
How long does the engineering degree last?
The engineering course lasts at least 6 semesters. That is the standard period of study for acquiring a bachelor's degree. Dual bachelor's degree programs, i.e. those that are studied in cooperation with a company, usually last 8 semesters. If you want to get the best possible training, you will need a master’s degree, which is typically estimated at 4 semesters of standard study time.
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