Is the person capable of self-administration
Self-management as the body of the spirit
If you deal with self-management, you quickly come across such arcs of tension. They arise from the need of people who, in order to find themselves, must first set themselves apart from what they are not. His self-image depends on the way in which he deals with the gap that is opening between himself and the world. A fundamental tension is given to him, but in which there is also the possibility of a new, self-created connection. Connecting with other people is a lifelong task. Whether he takes it is up to him alone.
No individuality without community
From the first breath we are members of a community. One of the most important social discoveries is that without the attention of other people, one is not viable. It is the human environment that creates the conditions for our self-discovery. The community accompanies its new members on their first steps in life. The spiritual being of man needs forms for his healthy development, and it is crucial which image of man he finds in his environment.
The shapes we have to offer today must always be based on the impulses that the newborns bring with them. They are the bearers of the future. Your impulses need care so that they can appear. Do we want to give this future one a chance to develop?
If we say yes to that, it has far-reaching consequences. The aim of education is then to provide the growing person with the help he needs to be able to find himself in today's world. The curriculum in school becomes a tool to support this process. Self-education becomes the soul of the method.
If the spiritual of the children is allowed to blow in school, the question arises what shape the sail must have so that the spiritual wind gives the school ship a ride. Of course, the spiritual should not only blow in the children, but also in the teachers, their role models. They exemplify development, ignore the wind and use it to create forms in teaching and administration. Standing together in the wind is a demanding task for a group. Rudolf Steiner's knowledge of man can form the mast, which gives the community support in turbulent times in order to be able to keep the sail upright in spirit. Returning the daily pedagogical questions to the basic questions of human being and becoming can not be done better than through an intensive examination of the pedagogical fundamentals. This creates the prerequisite for the crew to be able to navigate the training ship safely.
There is no community without individualities
The crew consists initially of individualities, more precisely: of egoists. One may be generous and understanding, and yet one should admit that one naturally gives greatest importance to one's own goals and needs. If we go on a trip together, we must not ignore that. There is a lot of lip service that speaks nicely about this fact: the fact is that what we have in common must first be formed.
And that's just as well! Because the individual is the source of every activity, initiative ignites in the individual. Even if the community forms the basis for this, the new does not grow through a given group dictation. We must not be under any illusions about selfishness. It is destructive in many areas. But: How can you learn to recognize it and learn to use it if it does not appear? Only at this moment does the opportunity arise to recognize him and to bring his counterpart, selflessness, into play. Sometimes drama, sometimes comedy - the wealth of social life occurs in this area of tension, here the new is shown, which Rudolf Steiner expresses as follows:
“It is just not true that any person can be selfless. It is true, however, that his selfishness can be ennobled in such a way that he becomes interested not only in his own affairs but in the affairs of all of humanity. Do not preach to people: They should be selfless, but plant the highest interests in them so that their selfishness and egoism can attach themselves to them. Then you ennoble a power that really resides in the person; otherwise you are talking about something that can never exist, but which can only make people liars. "Steiner turns the usual moral club" be selfless ". The opponent egoism becomes the tool egoism. The starting point is a real force within us and not a wishful thinking.
No community without something that transcends it
Rudolf Steiner started the first teacher’s course with a meditation. That is the baptism and at the same time the perspective for the school management. As presumably every form of inner deepening, this spiritual overture also means to perceive the wind of the spirit as well as to bring it forth. Meditation shows a way to learn to understand the "spiritual wind" as a natural part of work. It is a big word, but without the constant search for and questions about the forces of the spiritual level, which in the Christian tradition are addressed as angels, archangels and archai, the human community lacks the spiritual bond in addition to the spiritual bond.
Here, too, the starting point is the individual who goes his own way, but one who is completely focused on what is becoming. He counts on the productivity of the individual. Promoting them is the foremost task of colleagues. If there is recognition of personal creativity in the group, then there is also a need to pass on the results. From this the true community is formed, the community in which one has something to give to the other. Sometimes it increases even further when the community is given a drop of wisdom light and is allowed to receive an orientation from a spiritual level.
Often we long for a solution outside of ourselves and then run the risk of forgetting that the solution is the person himself.
The experiences we have in the world throw us back on ourselves. Therefore, the beginning of every change lies in ourselves. Counseling helps us to find orientation, in the best case it can be a midwife, but it can never take care of the birth. It is we ourselves who should take up the task. It takes strength and courage to face the challenges of our time, because when we have excluded everything that we are not, we wander lonely, separated from our fellow human beings and separated from a spiritual world.
We have been released into freedom and for the first time now have the opportunity to approach other people of our own free will, to overcome the rift and to found a community with them. But what we have in common is always a new creation. If it succeeds, we are given the courage to tackle tasks that seem impossible.
It is not easy to form a community in which the programs or structures that have become dominant do not dominate, but in which people are the one and only. As soon as we go into the formation of forms, we have to make decisions, decisions from ourselves, because the spiritual needs a form, a body, in order to be able to be active. Self-management has its roots in inner independence. And inner independence is what we want to enable the growing people to be. It is arguably the primary goal of our schools. Self-management is the model and basis for this inner independence, it is the form that the spirit of the Waldorf school seeks.
About the author: Florian Osswald is head of the pedagogical section of the Goetheanum in Dornach.
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