What is implicit texture in art

Texture (fine arts) - Texture (visual arts)

In the fine arts it is texture the perceived surface quality of a work of art. It is an element of two-dimensional and three-dimensional designs and is characterized by its perceived visual and physical properties. The usage of Textures can convey a variety of messages and emotions together with other design elements.

Physical texture

The physical texture (also called actual texture or known tactile texture ) are the variation patterns on a solid surface. This can include, but is not limited to, fur, wood grain, sand, smooth canvas or metal, glass, and leather.

The physical texture differs from the visual texture by one physical quality that can be felt by touching the surface of the texture. The specific use of a texture can affect the smoothness a work of art conveys. For example, the use of rough surfaces be visually active while smooth surfaces can be visually restful. Using both can add a sense of personality to a design or be used to emphasize emphasis, rhythm, contrast, etc.

Light is an important factor in identifying physical texture as it can affect how a surface is viewed. Strong lights on a smooth surface can affect the legibility of a drawing or photo, while they can create strong contrasts on a highly textured surface such as river stones, sand, etc.

Visual texture

Visual texture or implicit texture is the illusion of a physical texture. Each material and support surface has its own visual texture and must be considered before creating a composition. As a result, materials like canvas and watercolor paper are significantly rougher than photo-quality computer paper, for example, and may not be best for creating a flat, smooth texture. Photography, drawings, and paintings use visual textures to realistically and interpretively portray their own subjects. The texture in these media is generally created by repeating shape and line. Another example of visual texture is terrazzo or an image in a mirror.

Decorative texture

Decorative texture "decorates a surface". Texture is added to beautify the surface, which usually contains some evenness.

Spontaneous texture

This focuses more on the visual creation process; The markings of the texture made also create the shapes. These are often "random" shapes that create texture.

Mechanical texture

Texture created by special mechanical means. An example of this would be photography; The grains and / or screen patterns that are common in printing create a texture on the surface. This is also illustrated by typography and computer graphics designs.


Hypertexture can be defined both as "realistic simulated surface texture created by adding small distortions over the surface of an object" (as developed by Ken Perlin) and as a way of describing the fluid morphic nature of the texture in cybergraphics and the transversely engaging works created in it in the field of visual arts (as described by Lee Klein).

Examples of physical texture

  • Detail of the woven fibers of a carpet

  • Animals are often defined by their physical texture, such as: B. a fuzzy kitten or that scaly iguana.

  • Blades of grass create a soft texture

  • Rough bark on the surface of a tree

  • A brick wall with raised areas

  • Automatic texture created over clear glass stones

  • Wooden structure on canvas painted by Jacques Bodin, French artist

Examples of visual texture

See also




  • Gatto, Porter and Selleck. Exploring Visual Design: The Elements and Principles. 3rd ed. Worcester: Davis Publications, Inc., 2000. ISBN 0-87192-379-3
  • Stewart, Mary, Stimulate the Imagination: A Comprehensive Guide to Basic Design. 2nd ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2006. ISBN 0-07-287061-3