How do I pronounce eukaryotic

Episode 019 - Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells in Comparison

Content of the episode:

  • We'll watch each other in today's podcast episode Comparison of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and talk about the most important differences and similarities.

Eukaryotic cell

Prokaryotic cell

Plant cell

Animal cell

Bacterial cell

Cell size Ø

5 - 50 µm

0.5-5 µm

Cell nucleus

Place of
Genome

In the nucleus

Free swimming in the cytoplasm

Storage form
of the genome

Multiple chromosomes

Annular bacterial chromosome
+ Plasmids

Introns (non-coding DNA)

Cell wall

✅ (cellulose)

✅ (Murein)

Membrane encased
Cell organelles

Mitochondria

❌ (but Mesosomethat can perform the same function)

Chloroplasts

❌ (but individual Thylakoids in phototrophic bacteria)

Plasmids (additional genetic information)

scourge

Ribosomes

80S ribosomes

70S ribosomes

Contact to
Neighboring cells

About pits and plasmodesmata

About desmosomes

About pili (singular = pilus)

Cytoskeleton

Weakly pronounced

Strongly pronounced

Weak, but present.

An example of a prokaryotic cell (bacterial cell)

Prokaryotes are cellular organisms that do not have a real cell nucleus.

If you would like to learn more about the structure of prokaryotic cells / bacteria, listen to episode 018 - What are the characteristics of bacteria? at.

An example of a eukaryotic cell (plant cell)

Eukaryotes are living beings whose cells have a real nucleus.

If you would like to learn more about the structure of eukaryotic cells / plant cells, I can offer you episode 002 - The plant cell and its components | Recommend the structure of the plant cell.

Eukaryotes: differences between animal and plant cells

In addition to the plant cells mentioned here, the eukaryotic cells also include the animal cells.

If you want to find out more about the differences between animal and plant cells, listen to episode 003 - Differences between plant and animal cells.

Here you come back to the episode overview!

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Christian Schweda

Podcast host

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