Will robots create or create more jobs?
Robots create jobs
"This discussion that the robot is a job killer actually ended in Germany in the 1980s", says Rainer Bischoff, Head of Corporate Research at the robot manufacturer Kuka, in an interview with Golem.de. It was recognized early on in this country that robots do not destroy jobs, but create them. In the sectors that had relied on robotics and automation, jobs still existed in high-wage countries such as Germany. The automotive industry is an example of this.
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- Psychiatric Center North Baden, Wiesloch
In the United States, many jobs have been cut in the past few decades because companies relocated their production abroad. Today they are trying to get production back to create new jobs. The companies are also relying on robots and automation.
The robot industry is growing - and so is the number of jobs
The US robotics industry has been growing since 2010 "considerably"According to a recent study by the Association for Advancing Automation (A3), which is based on figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, an agency of the US Department of Labor. At the same time employment is growing. This is in contrast to the popular opinion that the increasing spread of robots is leading to more unemployment.
The International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the robotics industry association, gave figures in 2011: The use of one million industrial robots led directly to the creation of almost three million jobs worldwide. This development, the study predicted, will continue.
The world of work is changing
However, the world of work will change. Some professions will disappear, others will fundamentally change. For the first time, this also applies to activities outside of production. Through the use of artificial intelligence, machines will in future also be able to do the work of journalists or even artists.
This in turn means that the workforce must be ready to gain further qualifications. Lifelong learning will be in demand in all professions in the future, says Rüdiger Dillmann, robotics specialist at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), in an interview with Golem.de. But it is also a social necessity to create appropriate training opportunities or other jobs.
The world of work is changing
"One of the biggest problems right now is to fill the skills gap to fill jobs"says A3 chairman Jeff Burnstein. “Robots are improving production more than ever, increasing global competitiveness, and doing boring, dirty and dangerous tasks. This enables companies to create higher quality, better paying and safer jobs where employees use their brains, not their muscles. "
Because the latter will be lacking in the foreseeable future.
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