Good C developers are rarely why

Damian Wolf72

Chad Fowler once advised learning a new programming language every year. But deciding which language to learn next is certainly not an easy one - especially where there is a multitude of new and old programming languages ​​with potential. This article aims to help you make a decision.

The choice of the following ten programming languages ​​is of course subjective; Nor is it about prioritizing the languages ​​mentioned here. The selection is intended to give developers an impression of how their employment as programmers can be secured on the basis of trends. The hints may be of particular interest to beginners. The languages ​​listed can help with starting a new career or with reorientation.

Developers will certainly incorporate their different priorities into their own assessment. But when it comes to learning per se, it is more important that the goal is first to filter out "reliable motives" for yourself. This is the only way to achieve the desired specialist knowledge with the greatest possible effectiveness, and only careful consideration can help to achieve the goals. Whether the motive for acquiring or improving the knowledge of a programming language falls into the area of ​​personal growth or whether developers specifically want to improve the chances of success in an application, they should always choose the language that obviously has future value for them.

Learning a language that no one considers "valuable" is not likely to be a good choice for personal or professional development, or even for improving job prospects. In order to determine the value, developers must first recognize the value or use of a language, recognize the importance for achieving their own goals and motivation to learn, i.e. clearly answer the question of the "selection criteria" when deciding on a language.

Money shouldn't always be the primary criterion for choosing a programming language. Most of the time, it is easier to learn a language if developers use, need, or are interested in it often. That can certainly be a reliable motive for the selection.

Learning one of the programming languages ​​from the following guide not only gives you a better chance of asserting yourself in the job market. It also makes it possible to develop personally and to draw satisfaction from it. Personal accomplishments, professional development, and job prospects are different needs, but those who focus on languages ​​they enjoy using or want to use before weighing the monetary benefits are on the right track in choosing a programming language.

Not only according to the TIOBE index there are many programming languages ​​accessible to everyone, other sources such as GitHut also give a good insight into trends. This observation is more or less confirmed on, a learning platform for people who want to improve their professional skills in the areas of programming, game development, data science, design, augmented reality, virtual reality and artificial intelligence.

However, so many sources can also be confusing. The following list of ten programming languages ​​should help with orientation. The average salary information comes from the job search services Indeed and PayScale, the real income may vary from this.

Programming languages

Languages ​​on the web


JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages ​​for web frontends. It was developed by Brendan Eich in 1995 and enables the interactive elements of a website to be edited. But with contemporary JavaScript frameworks, developers can do more than just design websites interactively. For example, with Node.js you can handle server-side commands. Popular JavaScript frameworks such as jQuery, Node.js, Angular and React also help in the development of contemporary web applications.

Why should developers learn or brush up on JavaScript?

JavaScript is "the" language of the Internet and can be found in almost every web application. It has evolved from a front-end to a back-end development language without neglecting its strengths in the front-end area.

In addition to mentioning the Node.js used in server-side development, WordPress should also be mentioned, which is also moving in the direction of JavaScript. Matt Mullenweg, initiator of the web publishing system, even demanded that WordPress developers have to be very good at JavaScript. The scripting language is constantly evolving thanks to a large community. Previous reasons not to learn JavaScript are therefore becoming less and less common.

Learning curve: JavaScript has a medium level of difficulty - at the beginning it is quite simple, but the language becomes more complex the deeper developers get to grips with it.

Average salary: 45,000 euros.


Over the years, PHP has experienced both love and hate from developers. The open source language was introduced in 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf. It was not designed as a full-fledged programming language, but has grown and developed enormously over the past two decades. PHP is used as a server-side scripting language and works well with front-end techniques such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The language is ideal for beginners and experienced programmers alike.

PHP is also probably the most criticized programming language because its original design did not meet with much approval. It is therefore not surprising that the death of PHP is discussed again and again on the Internet.

Why should developers learn or brush up on PHP?

PHP is the most widespread web programming language used on over 80 percent of all websites. However, developers should be aware that the language recently underwent a major overhaul with PHP 7. With PHP frameworks, however, you will be able to be productive quickly.

Learning curve: PHP is a beginner-friendly programming language with plenty of online resources to assist you.

Average salary: EUR 44,000


Ruby was developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. It's similar to Python or any other universal programming language, but Ruby is mainly used for building web applications using the Ruby on Rails framework. The open source language is also known for its use in so-called rapid development environments.

Why should developers learn or brush up on Ruby?

Ruby is particularly popular in web development. However, this does not mean that the language cannot be used for other developmental needs, it just seldom comes into play. Many complex web applications are built with Ruby. If developers plan to learn Ruby, it is a good idea to do so using Ruby on Rails.

Learning Curve: Ruby is medium in difficulty and there are good online courses that will help you learn it.

Average salary: 49,000 euros.

The generalists


Python is a universal open source programming language that was presented by Guido van Rossum in 1991 and has been popular in science for several years. Python is known for its simplicity and applicability in almost any scenario. Popular web frameworks like Django enable developers to work productively on their innovative web projects.

Python is currently listed as number one on the list of the most widely available introductory programming languages ​​taught in US colleges and schools.

Why should developers learn or brush up on Python?

Python is easy to learn and at the same time the language with probably the most extensive possible uses. For web developers, Python has all the tools that are needed, for example, for large data analysis projects. The language is also popular in areas such as big data and data science, and is now even more popular in high-performance computing. After all, it also has a large community.

Learning curve: Python has a low level of difficulty, and developers can do a lot by understanding the basic and intermediate concepts of Python. There are also plenty of online resources available for learning and implementation.

Average salary: 50,000 euros.


Java is now an open source programming language that can be used in a wide variety of domains. Introduced in 1995, it slowly but surely became the first choice for enterprise application development. The universally applicable language is also well suited to cloud computing and other forms of data processing.

Why should developers learn or brush up on Java?

Java is the programming language of choice for anyone thinking of developing corporate applications. It is also suitable for beginners and is offered by many universities as the first choice for teaching programming.

Learning curve: Medium severity. Complexity arises when developers bring scalability and portability into play.

Average salary: EUR 46,000.


Swift is intended to be Apple's successor to Objective-C. Chris Lattner, who is also one of the co-founders of the compiler infrastructure LLVM, has been at the forefront of development for a long time. In the only two years since its initial release, the programming language has shown great promise and has been adopted by many iOS developers. The market demand for Swift is high. In addition, Swift is now an open source programming language.

Why should developers learn or brush up on Swift?

There are many reasons to learn Swift. First, it is the latest programming language for iOS projects. If you are thinking of getting involved in iOS development, Swift is the right programming language for you. Objective-C programmers will have to deal with Swift as it represents the future for Apple's mobile operating system. Swift can now even be used in the development of server applications.

Learning curve: The difficulty level of Swift is medium.

Average salary: 49,000 euros.

C #

C # is a .NET programming language and is mostly used in the Windows environment. Microsoft has released the rights to it and recently released the .NET Framework as open source. There are many other programming languages ​​supported by .NET, but C # is particularly valued because of its similarities with Java and the ability to develop Windows apps with relative ease.

Why should developers learn or brush up on C #?

Microsoft products only use the .NET Framework. So if you want to develop products for Windows, you should learn C # (or Visual Basic). The language is also a popular choice for game development. Unity makes extensive use of C # as its primary programming language.

Learning curve: C # is very similar to Java. Anyone who knows Java knows a large part of C #. Otherwise, C # has a medium level of difficulty.

Average salary: 39,000 euros.

Close to hardware

C ++

C ++ is considered to be one of the heaviest languages ​​and was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983 to improve the C programming language. It was originally known as "C with classes", but the name was later changed to C ++. The language is an ideal choice for writing high-performance applications because it is considered extremely scalable and reliable. Large corporations like Facebook and Google regularly use C ++ wherever the performance of their systems is at stake.

Why should developers learn or brush up on C ++?

C ++ has always been the language of choice for writing system-level programs. However, it is widely used in complex systems primarily because of its fast execution time. The popularity of C ++ has never diminished since it was initially released. It is also advisable to learn C ++ in order to become a better programmer.

Learning curve: C ++ has a high level of difficulty. However, it takes a lot of practice to get good.

Average salary: EUR 53,000


C is one of the oldest programming languages ​​on the market. It was presented in 1972 by computer science legend Dennis Ritchie. The reason for their popularity in the current development world is their simplicity and ability to make system calls. It is also widely used in the development of
Operating systems. Well-known systems such as Windows, iOS and Linux use C.

Why should developers learn or brush up on C?

Just like C ++, C is extremely suitable for building system-level applications. The language is also popular in embedded, graphics and game development. If developers plan to program low-level software, C is also the right language. Knowing C will enable one to gain a thorough understanding of computers.

Learning curve: The level of difficulty for C is medium. There is a lot of material online and with practice, developers will quickly get the results they want.

Average salary: 45,000 euros.

Assembly Language

Assembly Language is a low-level programming language primarily used for creating instructions at the hardware level. The instructions are hardware-dependent, so there is a separate assembly language for each CPU. Their primary use is to instruct microchips to do what they are supposed to do. It is used in many industries, including medicine, IT, and exercise equipment.

Why should developers learn or brush up on Assembly Language?

Assembly Language is the language of the hardware. Microchips are mostly programmed with them. A mobile chip will not function as intended without assembly language. Anyone interested in understanding how chips or computers work, and likes complexity, should consider learning Assembly Language.

Learning curve: Assembly language is difficult to learn and master. However, those who are good at it can earn a lot.

Average salary: 62,000 euros.


Choosing a programming language is not an easy task. Deciding only on the earning potential is a conceivable idea. Anyone who decides on one of the presented programming languages ​​should, above all, have a real interest in it.

So: which programming language (s) do you want to learn this year? Use the comment function to answer. (ane)

Damian Wolf
is an author, tech enthusiast and publishes on various online channels. He loves trying new things - apps, software, trends - and likes to share his experiences with others. He comes from the land of the kangaroos, and when he's not busy with coding or writing, he can be found hiking and hiking.