Grammar and punctuation become obsolete

"As well" is not quite "and"

The conjunction as is used in the dictionaries, inter alia. With and, and also, and also circumscribed. It is used to connect the members of a list with one another. This as is especially useful when there is an accumulation of and should be avoided: Hans and Erna and my parents were there. Until now I always assumed that - apart from stylistic criteria -as always for and can stand. After Ms. B.'s question, however, I no longer quite agree.

question

Today I stumbled upon a sentence in which “as well” is used as a list in a longer phrase. In my opinion, this usage is incorrect. [...] Here the sentence:

Benefit from the network of the annual kick-off event in our industry and make new and maintain existing contacts.

answer

Dear Ms. B.,

also i am of the opinion that not here as should be used. However, I have to speculate a bit in explaining why this is so.

I think that as in spite of the summary in the sentence, still similar to the supplementary as well as is treated:

Hans and Erna and my parents were there.
Hans and Erna and my parents were there.
Hans and Erna, as well as my parents, were there.

The head of department and her deputy were absent.
The head of department and her deputy were / was absent.
The department heads, as well as their deputy, were absent.

That with the list as also the singular was can stand already shows that there is some difference between and and as gives (more on the verb form ashere).

Also when listing infinitive clauses and subordinate clauses, the replacement of and by as (resp. as well as) easy:

I forgot to close the windows and turn off the gas and water supplies.
I forgot to close the windows and turn off the gas and water supplies.
I forgot to close the windows, as well as turn off the gas and water supplies.

I hope you and Peter enjoyed it and that you guys will be back soon.
I hope that you and Peter enjoyed it and that you will be back soon.
I hope you and Peter enjoyed it as well as that you guys will be back soon.

But when main clauses are to be connected with each other, it “sticks”. The word order is namely after the co-ordinating and different than after subordinate as well as:

He invited her and you to have the invitation accepted.
He invited her as well as she the invitation Have accepted.

Behaves as now how and or what as well as? If we in the example sentences and resp. as well as by as replace, the following is obtained:

* He invited her as you to have the invitation accepted.
He invited heras she the invitation Have accepted.

In my opinion, the first sentence is simply wrong. The influence of as well as is probably still so strong that the main clause word order after as not possible. The second sentence is not wrong, but it is understood differently:as means as a subordinate clause introduction as soon as.

The conjunction as refuses, so to speak, to combine main clauses in a list. The following sentences are therefore also incorrectly worded:

* He is light brown and greyish and has floppy ears.
* You don't have to pack the goods and you don't have to stand in line.

Can also be in your sentence and not through as be replaced because in it two main clauses, in this case instruction sets, are connected with one another. So it is better not here as to use. Better for example:

Benefit from the network of the annual kick-off event in our industry, make new and maintain existing contacts.

So, in summary, one could say that the list as despite the importance and also is still a subordinate conjunction, which, however, has the meaning when listing sentences as well as as soon as stands in the way.

With best regards

Dr. Bopp

Author Dr. BoppPosted on Categories General, GrammarTags sentence structure