How old is Great Britain

The United Kingdom - UK

The United Kingdom is made up of

  • England,
  • Wales,
  • Scotland(Scotland) and
  • Northern Ireland(Northern Ireland).

One also speaks of United Kingdom(United Kingdom, short: UK, pronounced: Juhkäi).

The Republic of Ireland, So the southern part of Ireland is a separate state and does not belong to Great Britain.

Union Jack and British Pound

The flag of the United Kingdom is called Union Jack.

Image: fotolia.com

The currency is not the euro, as in Germany, but the British pound (British Pound).


Image: www.pixabay.com

Facts about the UK

The capital of the United Kingdom is called London. But there are many other big cities. Check them out on the map.

A total of around 63 million people live in the country (for comparison: around 80 million people live in Germany). Great Britain is approximately 1,000 kilometers long from north to south.

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The Channel

To travel to the UK, you can fly, take a boat - or take the train.

Image: Picture-Alliance GmbH (dpa)

Since 1994 there has been a tunnel under the sea between France and Great Britain, the Channel. The train Eurostar drives up to 160 kilometers per hour and takes around 35 minutes. It sails an average of 40 meters under the sea.

Some people also call the tunnel Chunnel - a play on words "Channel" and "tunnel".

The Queen

Britain is a democracy. Unlike Germany, for example, Great Britain has a royal family.

The Queen, Queen Elizabeth the Second, is the head of state. She has been queen since 1952 and is very popular with many Britons - as well as the entire royal family (Royal Family).

The Queen lives and works in Buckingham Palace.


Image: alamy images (Bob Turner)


Image: www.pixabay.com

History: The British Empire

Britain used to have many Colonies - that is, areas in other parts of the world that became British for a certain period of time, for example India or Australia.

There are many people living in the UK today whose parents or grandparents immigrated. For example, they come from former colonies such as India and Pakistan, but also from Eastern Europe.

Image: fotolia.com (Arcurs, Yuri) (holgs)

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