Where is Karnataka
The southern Indian city of Karnataka has an area of 191,791 km² and a population of 61,130,704. This makes it the eighth largest state in India. The official language of Karnataka is the Dravidian Kannada, which is also the mother tongue of over 80% of the population. In addition, various Dravidian regional languages are spoken. In the south of the state is the very modern and European-looking capital Bangalore.
More than 2,000 years of Karnataka's history are documented. The great dynasties of the Kdambas, Chalukays and Hoysala lived in the region. With the fall of the Vilayanagar Empire, it became quiet around Karnataka. Only the military undertakings and the wise leadership of the country by Haidar Ali and his son Sultan Tipu made the country a politically important entity in India again. With the invasion of the British and their territorial control in 1799, a Hindu dynasty regained authority over Karnataka. The current state of Karnataka has only existed since 1956 and was created by merging the former states of Mysore, Coorg, and parts of the states of Hyderabad, Madras and Bombay.
Karnataka is one of the leading industrial countries in India in both the public and private sectors. The industrial growth in the period 2002-2003 was 6.1%. In particular, the progress in the field of computer software is responsible for the fact that many foreign companies have settled in Karnataka. The automotive, electronics, aviation, machine and biotech industries are also strongly represented, especially in and around Bangalore. The textile, chemical, food and luxury goods, iron, steel and paper industries are also located in other regions of Karnataka.
Despite the considerable industrialization, 55% of the country's area is still used for agriculture. The most important crops are rice, corn, millet, legumes and sugar cane. Various types of nuts, spices and coffee are also grown.
The mineral resources that are mined in the region are iron, manganese and copper ores, as well as magnesite, bauxite, granite and limestone. Chrome iron stone, dolomite, quartz and asbestos are also mined to a lesser extent.
Cities and sights
Karnataka's numerous tourist attractions include both scenic and cultural attractions. The capital Bangalore is often referred to as the garden city because of its many green spaces. It is also known as "India's Silicon Valley".
The most outstanding historical site in the region is Hampi. Because of its very well-preserved temples and palaces, the ruined city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is supervised by the Archeological Survey of India. In the north of the state there are five national parks where visitors can enjoy flora and fauna.
Climate & geography
Karnataka is divided into three large scenic areas. The 320 km long coastal plain, the mountain ranges of the Western Ghats and the Deccan Plateau, which occupies most of the state. The three main rivers of the region Krishna, Kaveri and Tungabhadra have their source on the Deccan Plain.
On the coast of Karnataka there is a tropical climate, which is characterized by the alternation of dry and rainy seasons. Depending on the location, up to 3,500 mm of precipitation falls over the year. Most of it falls during the summer monsoon, but there is also high humidity in the other months. The Western Ghats are one of the rainiest regions. There it can even come to amounts of precipitation of up to 5,000 mm. The entire state is warm year round with an average temperature of 27 ° C.
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