Who is God Indra now 1

Indra (god)

Indra [Sanskrit, इन्द्र "mighty, strong"] is a Vedic deity of thunder. Together with his brothers Agni and Vayu, he forms a Vedic triad of gods. Many of its aspects were transferred to the Hindu deities Shiva and Vishnu in India from the Gupta period or earlier; in Khmer art, on the other hand, it is often depicted later.

Indra (god)


Storm, rain, fertility, war

Indra's parents were heaven (Dyaus) and earth (Prithivi), whom the god separated from each other forever immediately after birth. He dethroned his father, overturned the old order and usurped control of the world. In addition, he seems to have ousted the god Varuna as the highest god and has surpassed him in popularity over time.

In the early Indian Vedic religion Indra is presented as the highest, warlike god of the sky, the god of storms and rain, "without whom no victory is possible, whom one invokes in battle ..." (Rigveda 2,12,9 desa) . He is the god of warriors, of the Kshatriya class. He is also regarded as the god of fertility, creation and rain, as well as the king of the gods. In general, he embodies the productive forces of nature. Indra is the most famous god of the Vedic period and is the god most invoked and sung about: around 250 hymns of the Rigveda are addressed to him alone. According to the Vedic scriptures, it is he who shatters any resistance.

He performs a series of heroic deeds. So Indra kills the dragon or drought demon Vritra with his thunderbolt (vajra) and frees the cows from the Panis, a group of rich and stingy demons. Likewise, according to mythology, he kills the demon Namuci, who steals his soma from him. Indra has strong anthropomorphic traits. The Indologist Jan Gonda describes him as the most anthropomorphic of the Vedic gods. He is the great conqueror and hero as well as the fighter against the Asuras for gods and people, bursts with strength and vitality, is the greatest eater and drinker, drinks huge amounts of Soma (an invigorating drink), brings material things to bloom, gives wealth and punishes the lie. Some of the many powers that Indra allegedly defeats, the Asuras (the mortal enemies of the Vedic gods), are believed to represent the indigenous indigenous peoples of India, the Dravids, who were subjugated by the Aryans. Indra leads the gods into battle against the Asuras. In this capacity he is also counted among the Adityas, the sons of the goddess Aditi. He is married to Indrani, the goddess of anger, jealousy and nagging. His servants and comrades in arms are the divine Maruts or Rudras, the gods of the air and the storm. Since he commits a brahmin murder, the worst sin, he is freed from this sin through a cleansing offering.

Indra is considered in the Vedas as the "King of the Gods", who appears in many forms and meanings in Indian myths. His weapon is the thunderbolt (vajra). He lives in the city of Amaravati as lord of the heavenly world (Svargaloka) in a palace on the top of Mount Meru. There he rules together with his wife Indrani over a kind of "warrior's paradise" in the clouds, similar to the Germanic Walhalla. Gandharven make the music there, while Apsaras perform dances and plays for Indra's fallen warriors. Occasionally, from Svarga, Indra sends his apsaras to earth to seduce people whom the god considers too ascetic. Indra herself also has numerous love affairs. The god is generally considered to be benevolent, helpful, active, dynamic, ecstatic, sensual, fast, wild, warlike, heroic, brave and strong. Indra has numerous nicknames such as Vritrahan ("Vritra-slaughter"), Sakra ("the mighty one"), Sacipati ("lord of strength"), Vajri ("thunderer"), Svargapati ("lord of heaven"), Purandara (" City Destroyer ") and Meghavahana (" Cloud Rider ").