Is Balochistan part of Pakistan

Political situation Political stability in the face of extremism and structural weakness

Pakistan's politics and administration are characterized by a lack of transparency, corruption, nepotism and the pursuit of tribal interests. There is essentially a separation of powers, but parliament and the judiciary only exercise their control function to a limited extent. The room for maneuver for civil society (call up the lexicon entry for the term) * organizations has recently been restricted again and again.

A large part of the population has inadequate access to public services, and trust in government agencies is correspondingly low. In the Corruption Perception Index (external link) by Transparency International, Pakistan ranked 120th out of 180 countries in 2019.

Anti-terror legislation that has been tightened several times overrides fundamental rights. The powers of the security authorities have been significantly expanded. Civilians suspected of terrorism can be tried in military courts. In 2015 the death penalty was reintroduced. According to the human rights organization Amnesty International, more than 200 death sentences were passed in Pakistan in 2018 and more than 14 were carried out.

Pakistan has ratified the most important international human rights conventions, but their implementation is often inadequate. In rural areas in particular, women are largely excluded from public life. Women are also disadvantaged in the judiciary.

Freedom of religion and the freedom of the press are restricted. In particular, a paragraph in the penal code that criminalizes blasphemy is repeatedly misused to discriminate against members of religious minorities.

The Pakistani media landscape is well developed. However, critical journalists are regularly put under pressure, threatened and hindered in their work by state institutions and extremist organizations. Social media, which are less easy to control, are therefore playing an increasingly important role in forming opinions.