Was Mao Zedong a psychopath

Film production in the People's Republic of China under Mao Zedong (1942–1978)

History of Chinese Film pp 39-83 | Cite as


In 1942 Mao Zedong laid the theoretical foundations and guidelines for art policy for a future communist-ruled Chinese state. After fleeing from the nationalist troops and local warlords from southern China, the so-called “Long March”, Mao and his supporters set up their headquarters in the northern Chinese cave village of Yanan in 1935. Threatened by the Japanese aggressors and nationalist enemies within, he exercised his power over the left-wing democratic and communist movement from there with growing authority. Not only did this bring him friends in the movement. Rather, it also led to a wave of criticism of his leadership style, which was particularly loud among intellectuals and artists. Full of ideals and hopes for a self-determined and liberal future, many activists of the May Fourth Movement accompanied Mao to Yanan, but saw their plans to establish a democratic community increasingly disappointed by his restrictive exercise of rule.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 1997

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