How do you breed cats
Considerations for moving a cat in advance
Moving a cat into your home is a big change. Suddenly there is a living being there with its own needs and demands that must be taken into account. Who in the family will look after the cat for the next 10 to 15 years, ensure sufficient exercise and activity, healthy nutrition and appropriate care? And who takes care of the care when you are away on a trip? People looking to buy a cat should think about these questions and never rush to buy a pet. After all, we don't want to have to give our beloved fur nose to an animal shelter just because we suddenly notice that a cat doesn't fit into our lives after all.
A certain breed of cat or a kitten should it be?
If you are well informed about the needs and habits of cats, are convinced that you can offer a cat everything it needs, if you know what basic equipment is necessary and every member of your family is happy with the new animal, that's actually speaking nothing more against buying a wonderful velvet paw. Perhaps you have also fallen in love with a special breed and would like a kitten to accompany you as you grow up? In this case, you should contact a reputable breeder who has experience with the breed you have chosen and who can help and advise you when making a purchase decision. Take your time choosing a kennel and choosing a kitten. Unfortunately there are a few black sheep among the sellers who are more concerned with profit than the welfare of the animals. Before making an appointment with a breeder to buy, you should definitely have a good gut feeling and be convinced that the kitten is coming from good hands. In order to support your gut feeling a little, we have put together ten questions below with which you can put the seriousness of the breeder to the test.
10 important questions to ask the cat breeder
May I come visit you?
In order to get a comprehensive picture of the breeder and his cats, a personal visit on site is essential. If the alleged breeder answers this question in the negative and instead suggests a meeting at a rest stop or some other “neutral” location, you can end the phone call or email contact immediately. A reputable breeder willingly invites you to his home and proudly shows you his kennel and cats.
Where do the cats live with you?
When visiting the breeder - in addition to a personal conversation - the focus is of course on assessing the cats and the housing conditions. It's not about whether you like the breeder's furniture or carpets, but whether the cats grow up in a bright, friendly and clean environment. If the animals are housed outside their own apartment, in a kennel, cellar or shed, the breeder's love of animals is certainly not far off. As independent as cats are, they need close contact with us humans and should be used to living with us from birth. Therefore only buy from a breeder where the animals grow up in the house or in the apartment with a close family connection.
Can I have a look at the kittens in peace?
How the cats are doing with the breeder is crucial for a good gut feeling. Do the animals seem open-minded and lively? Kittens are naturally curious and want to explore and explore their surroundings. If, on the other hand, they are extremely anxious and startled during your visit, are they apathetic or hide from you, you should become skeptical. Take a look at the kittens and give the animals the time they need to sniff and get to know you. How do the kittens behave towards you and how do they show themselves to one another?
The appearance of the animals also reveals a lot about their state of health and well-being. Does the fur possibly have bald spots, is the anal region dirty or the stomach bloated? Then these are serious indications that the breeder neglects his animals and that they are not fed and cared for in a species-appropriate manner. Only buy from a breeder whose kittens all look completely healthy, have shiny and soft fur, and whose eyes, nose and ears are clean and not sticky or crusted.
Can I see the mother cat?
No one can replace contact with the cat mother and the cat siblings. For an optimal start in life, kittens need their cat family to be close. Together with their siblings, they learn everything they need for their future cat life from their mother. The mother cat therefore always lives in the breeder's household. If this is not the case and the breeder may tell you the sad story that the mother died in childbirth, you should pay attention. Unfortunately, this is often a scam from dubious animal dealers. A reputable cat breeder cares about his mother cat and will willingly show her to you. The mother should not appear too shy or even aggressive and be happy to be petted by the breeder. Also observe how she behaves towards her offspring. If she shows herself annoyed or disinterested, it may be that she is not the real mother of the little ones at all. Also ask the breeder when the mother cat last littered. Are the litter breaks observed? A serious breeder has his cats mated a maximum of once a year.
How many months do you give up the kittens?
For a good start in life and a healthy formation and socialization, it is important that the kittens are not given away too early and thus separated from the mother. A serious breeder will therefore not give up their kittens until they are twelve weeks old at the earliest - and only when they have convinced themselves that their little kittens will be fine with their new human family. After all, a good breeder who loves his cats and who cares about the welfare of his animals wants to know in which hands he is putting the offspring.
Are the cats vaccinated and dewormed?
Even if cats are not required to be vaccinated in many countries, it is advisable to have cats vaccinated against dangerous and often fatal diseases such as cat flu and cat disease. The first basic immunization takes place in the best case already from the 8th week of life. A booster vaccination from the 12th week of life gives the cats lifelong protection. Since the cats are still living with the breeder at this age, he is responsible for the vaccinations. So the kittens should already be vaccinated when they are sold. Make sure that the breeder shows you the vaccination certificate and check whether the diseases mentioned above are entered. Many breeders also vaccinate cats against rabies, feline leukemia (leukosis) and communicable peritonitis in cats (FIP) at the same time. Also pay attention to the doctor's stamp, because vaccinations may only be carried out by a veterinarian.
Regular deworming is just as important for the health of the kittens. As a rule, breeders have the cats dewormed for the first time three weeks after birth and then about every three to four weeks.
Can you show me the papers?
If you value a pedigree cat, you should make sure that the papers are complete. This includes the already mentioned vaccination certificate and a family tree (pedigree). In order to receive this, the breeder must be a member of a recognized breed club. The family tree not only provides information about who the parents / grandparents of the kittens are, but is also proof that the breeder has complied with all breeding requirements. A pedigree is only given to purebred cats that have been bred responsibly, i.e. the parent animals are registered in the association and have been tested negative for hereditary diseases.
Why did you choose this breed of cats?
If you are interested in a specific breed of cats, you have probably read and heard a lot about the characteristics of the breed. And of course you can assume that the breeder in question is also very familiar with the breed and its characteristics. Ask him why he chose this breed of all things and what makes cats so special in his eyes. A personal conversation with an experienced breeder is not only very informative for the later keeping of the pedigree cat, but is at the same time a small "test" whether the breeder is really serious. So the breeder should specialize in one, at most two breeds and be able to report a lot of personal information about his experiences in dealing with the cats. If he breeds more than two breeds and gives you only general, superficial information, you should be careful and, if necessary, look for another, more experienced breeder.
What does a kitten cost and is there a sales contract?
A good conversation with the cat breeder naturally also includes “business information”. A reputable breeder will give you a clear purchase price and will not want to persuade you to buy with a special offer. After all, a real pedigree cat from a responsible breed has its price. At a price that is well below 400 euros, it is probably not a serious offer. After all, a breeder also has to invest a lot of money in the cats: The costs for visits to the vet, vaccinations, deworming, health tests, high-quality food and training are not to be underestimated and can hardly be covered by such a low purchase price. In any case, ask the breeder how the price for a kitten comes about - even if it is within the framework and seems appropriate to you.
A reputable breeder will also conclude a purchase contract with you, in which - in addition to the agreed purchase price and the contact details of the buyer and seller - the liability conditions and identification features of the pedigree cat are recorded.
What tips on keeping and feeding do you have for me?
Responsible breeders focus on the love of cats as well as the preservation and well-being of the corresponding breed. It goes without saying that a breeder would like to know exactly into which hands he is handing over the offspring. Personal questions about your job, your marital status, your housing situation and hobbies are therefore not due to pure curiosity, but rather serve to give the breeder a comprehensive picture of you. Be open and honest when answering the questions - after all, it is also in your interest that the little cat or tomcat is well with you and that they can enjoy each other for many years. Feel free to admit if you are still unsure about keeping and feeding your cats. This is quite normal, especially for newcomers to cats, and certainly not a reason to turn you down as a buyer. Much more important is that you are interested in the breeder's advice and tips. After all, you can learn a lot about the cat from a reputable breeder. Questions or uncertainties can arise from time to time, not only at the beginning but also in further coexistence with the animal, for example because the cat suddenly behaves in an unusual way, refuses the food or the litter box or shows other abnormalities. Good contact with an experienced breeder, who will be at your side with advice and action even after the purchase and willingly answer all your questions, is priceless in such cases.
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