What are the benefits of corruption 1
(Article in the online administration lexicon olev.de, Version 1.33)
Abusing an office to gain a financial advantage (for yourself or for another). Definition of Transparency International: Abuse of entrusted power for private gain or advantage . Corruption violates the fundamental separation of office and person of the official as it arose with the development of the bureaucracy and is a prerequisite for the functionality and efficiency of a modern (public and private) administration: for strangers Powers are delegated for personal Abused advantages. In the economics and social sciences discussed by the principal-agent theory.
Corruption is not the only undesirable development that leads to government misconduct and inefficiency. Other forms are clientelism (orientation towards the interests of certain interests / interest groups), nepotism, nepotism (patronage), granting of privileges (positions, lucrative assignments) by a public official to family members or other close people, personal enrichment in various ways are part of it.
2.2 Significance of corruption, consequences
Corruption leads to inefficient decisions and structures and thus to great disadvantages for the affected community / economy.
The disadvantage of corruption lies not only in the personal enrichment of the recipient, but even more in the fact that decisions are not made according to objective criteria: They are not based on which solution is sensible, which provider offers which service best, but on which service and from which provider and under what conditions brings the most personal advantages. This establishes itself as a whole System of inefficiency In the state, administration or economy: Superfluous is commissioned because it brings personal profit, it continues to be operated because someone earns money from the public client, it is not operated in such a way that it fulfills public tasks well but in accordance with the interests of the profiteers , etc.
This is the economic / societalThe economic damage is much greater than the personal gain gained. That should therefore be one of the reasons to fight against corruption and for ethically responsible behavior oriented towards the common good (administrative ethics) and to establish appropriate structures. The Cologne saying "You have to be able to do it" - you have to be able to grant other advantages too, is therefore out of place!
and thus avoidance of false incentives, inefficient and ineffective decisions, the waste of economic resources and public funds and ultimately structures that stabilize corruption
is therefore crucial for the efficiency of politics and administration - as well as for an economy that realizes the advantages of the market economy - and therefore plays a central role in development aid and in many other areas (including the conditions for joining the European Union); it is an aspect of good (public) governance and administrative ethics. The consequences of corruption in developing countries are summarized in an article on the website "Reset: New Start for a Sustainable World".
The The consequences are accordingly for related decisions such as clientelism and nepotism, possibly also with so-called lobbyism (which, however, must be distinguished from the legitimate representation of interests).
2.3 Recommendations on the fight against corruption
The Code of Conduct for Business, which was developed by the International Chamber of Commerce () Germany and the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DIHK) and can therefore also be used for public administration, contains general recommendations for combating corruption. The prevention and fight against corruption has been significantly expanded in Great Britain, see the article Whistleblowing, in particular the "Seven Principles of Public Life" of the Commission on Standards in Public Life. At the international level there is the United Nations Convention UNCAC (UN Convention against Corruption) and the.
Transparency International, national Transparency International Deutschland e. V. The protection of whistleblowing or the granting of incentives for the detection of misconduct also contribute to the fight against corruption (see the example of the USA).
(taken from http://reset.to/wissen/korruption-nachhaltige-nachteile-fuer-alle, supplemented, see there if necessary for further sources and currently valid links)
Transparency International's definition of "abuse of entrusted power for private gain or advantage" is problematic because it is too broad. The exploitation of the position as an educator for sexual abuse would also be corruption. The English term "gain" corresponds more to the material or financial advantage. And "private" benefit is misleading: the exploitation of the official position to the advantage of the company you work for is corruption, even when it comes to advantages for the football club or a charitable organization: the "non-profit" purpose is not justified here the exploitation of the official position.
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