Why is AA harmful
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Madagascaris currently being warned.
Madagascar is badly affected by COVID-19. Regional focuses are Analamanga, Atsinanana, Sava, Boeny, Nosy Be and Sofia. The Malagasy health system is increasingly reaching its limits.
Madagascar is still classified as a risk area.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current and detailed figures.
The Malagasy Aviation Authority has imposed an entry ban on passengers from COVID-19 risk areas, including Germany, with the exception of diplomats and staff from international organizations. In principle, a negative PCR test must be presented before the start of the journey, when boarding, which must not be older than 72 hours. Upon arrival, travelers will be tested again at the airport (free of charge). Quarantine is mandatory until the test result is received (usually via SMS). This must be completed in a specific quarantine hotel at your own expense.
Transit and onward travel
With a stopover in Antananarivo and before the onward flight to the provinces, tests are carried out again at the airport. A quarantine obligation then applies until the result is received. A negative PCR test must also be presented for domestic flights. Five regions in the country are currently cordoned off, including the capital Antananarivo, the island of Nosy Be and the eastern region around the largest port, Tamatave; there is no overland traffic and no flights to and from these regions.
The international airport in Antananarivo is still closed to passenger planes. It is possible to book flights with the airlines Air France and Ethopian Airlines with a special Madagascan permit. However, due to limited capacities, these must be booked well in advance.
Intercity bus traffic is possible to a limited extent; In the capital, minibuses and taxis are running almost entirely again.
Cruise ships are still not allowed to dock in Madagascar.
Restrictions in the country
Shops, restaurants and bars are open to a limited extent. There is a curfew from 9 p.m. to 4 a.m. There is a lockdown on weekends until further notice. Medical emergencies are excluded.
Mask requirements continue to apply both in public spaces and outdoors.
- Check your travel plans and, if necessary, contact your airline and / or the Madagascar embassy in Germany regarding the current entry requirements.
- Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
- Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Malagasy government.
- In the event of COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people, contact the health department in Antananarivo.
- Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
- When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
In 2018 there were repeated rallies and protests in the capital Antananarivo and other major cities. The political situation has generally been stable again since the inauguration of the new President at the end of January 2019. Nonetheless, violent clashes cannot be ruled out in future demonstrations.
- Find out about the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
Pickpockets happen frequently, and armed robberies, including during the day, have increased sharply. Mainly affected is the capital Antananarivo, there the city center around Analakely and the avenue de l'Indépendance as well as the surroundings of the hotels, the restaurants preferred by foreigners and the stations of the intercity taxis (taxis brousse).
Individual travelers in the country are particularly at risk in terms of an increased risk of robbery. The violence and the use of weapons have increased.
Especially in the urban area of Antananarivo, but increasingly also in the tourist-frequented coastal cities, police checks take place in the evening and at night, during which the original passport must be presented.
- Be especially careful when traveling through the country on your own.
- Avoid going for walks in all urban areas, especially after dark, whether alone or in groups.
- Only move in single taxis after dark.
- In vehicles, especially in urban areas, keep the doors locked from the inside and, if possible, the windows closed at all times of the day and night.
- Do not leave any bags or valuables visible in the car.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe, but bring your passport with you for controls.
- Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, on the bus and also watch out for your valuables in hotels.
- In the event of a robbery, do not resist.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Piracy on the high seas
There is still a risk of pirate attacks and capture off the coast. Ships off Kenya are still at risk of being attacked and hijacked. Despite international efforts to curb piracy, the number of pirate attacks remains high; effective protection cannot be guaranteed.
- As a skipper in the endangered waters, you should be particularly careful and register with the Maritime Security Center.
Nature and climate
There is a tropical lowland and mountain climate.
In Madagascar, cyclone season is from December to April. During this time, tropical storms and intense rainfall can be expected, especially on the coasts
During this time, there can also be floods and landslides and, as a result, significant traffic obstructions.
Madagascar is located in a seismically slightly active zone, which is why earthquakes and volcanic activity can occur.
- Keep track of weather reports on a regular basis.
- In the event of a storm warning, please note the information on hurricanes abroad.
- Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
- Familiarize yourself with behavioral guidelines for earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. These are provided by the fact sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences.
Responsible diplomatic mission
The German embassy in Antananarivo does not have a consular section. In emergencies, such as loss of passport, accident or death, those seeking help can contact the German embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
For individual travelers, French or, ideally, Malagasy language skills are essential, as - especially in rural areas - the residents are unlikely to speak English or German.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
The internal Madagascar flight network is relatively dense, but due to economic and technical problems of the national airline Air Madagascar, there are regular cancellations or massive delays. The network of the new provider, Madagasikara Airways, is not yet as dense as that of the state competitor. Passengers must expect postponements and cancellations here as well.
The main traffic axes between the capital and the most important coastal cities are largely paved, but their condition deteriorates steadily due to lack of maintenance and in the rainy season.
Many roads are unpaved dirt tracks that are only partially or not at all passable in the rainy season (December to April). Often regions remain completely cut off from the outside world for months.
Raids are becoming more frequent on the main roads between the capital and the other larger cities on the island, mostly after dark.
- Always drive carefully and defensively.
- Avoid driving at night.
The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.
There is a strict ban on photography for military and security-relevant facilities (e.g. airports, bridges, government buildings).
Various places are "fady", i.e. (for foreigners) with certain restrictions resulting from customs or sometimes completely taboo. In cases of doubt, it is recommended to find out about existing "fadys" from people who are familiar with the area.
In Madagascar, adultery is punishable by imprisonment or a fine. In addition, there is a claim for damages against the perpetrators.
The Malagasy judiciary pays particular attention to sexual offenses and so-called sex tourism. The perpetrators are persecuted relentlessly in Madagascar and the offenses are punished with severe imprisonment and fines.
The prison conditions in Madagascar are extremely difficult (precarious sanitary / hygienic conditions, overcrowded prisons, inadequate or nonexistent care for prisoners and only rudimentary medical care). Pretrial detention can drag on for years.
The export of and trade in certain native animal and plant species is strictly forbidden (lemurs, turtles, lizards, etc.) and is also punishable by imprisonment.
Money / credit cards
The local currency is the ariary (MAG). In Antananarivo and the other large cities, you can exchange cash (euros / dollars) and travelers checks at banks and exchange offices. The banks usually have ATMs at which money can be withdrawn with credit cards (primarily Visa, occasionally also Master, Maestro etc.) up to a relatively low equivalent value.
Globally operating cash transfer companies (e.g. Western Union) have payout points in all major cities.
Larger hotels, restaurants, shops, travel agents, airlines, and supermarkets all accept credit cards.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: No
- Provisional identity card: No
- Children's passport: Yes
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.
German nationals require a visa to enter the country, which can be applied for at the responsible diplomatic missions abroad, for tourism also as an e-Visa or, if the trip lasts up to 60 days, also on arrival ("on arrival").
Offenses against the Malagasy entry and residence regulations are punished relentlessly. There is a risk of high fines and even imprisonment.
Visa before entry
For stays of more than 60 days, a fee-based “Transformable” visa must be applied for at the embassy of the Republic of Madagascar in advance of entry.
Madagascar now offers an e-Visa to apply for a tourist visa.
Visa on entry ("on arrival")
For a stay of up to 60 days, a visa is sufficient, which is available on arrival at the international airport of Antananarivo-Ivato, but also at all other airports with international connections (Nosy Be, Antsiranana, Toamasina, Tuléar, etc.). The fee for the visa is staggered and amounts to Ar 80,000 for a stay of up to 30 days or Ar 100,000 for up to 60 days.
Minors traveling alone who do not live in Madagascar should have an officially certified declaration of consent from their parents / legal guardians in French.
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency that can be imported and exported, but must be declared upon import from an equivalent value of € 7,500.
Daily necessities can be introduced.
The importation of weapons and drugs of all kinds is strictly forbidden.
Precious metals and certain precious and semi-precious stones, fossils and fossils may not be exported from Madagascar or not without appropriate accompanying documents. The export of native animal and plant species is also strictly prohibited (lemurs, turtles, lizards, etc.).
People residing outside Madagascar are allowed to export up to 1 kg of jewelery if they can provide evidence of the exchange of foreign currency to the value of the jewelery or receipts.
To import pets, a veterinary health certificate or a certificate of freedom from disease, which must not be older than three days upon arrival, and a vaccination book are required. The rabies vaccination is compulsory; In addition, an up-to-date rabies antibody test and a certificate confirming the exclusion of tapeworms (stool test) must be presented.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area, proof of a yellow fever vaccination must be provided for all persons older than nine months.
For transit travel via the airports of Addis Ababa or Nairobi, proof of yellow fever vaccination can be requested regardless of the length of the stay there.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the vaccination calendar of the Robert Koch Institute up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A and polio are recommended as travel vaccinations, and also against hepatitis B, typhoid and rabies for long-term stays or special exposure.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
Dengue viruses are nationwide by diurnal AedesMosquitoes transmitted The disease is usually associated with fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs and is increasingly affecting travelers as well. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see information sheet on dengue fever.
- To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Chikungunya viruses are diurnal AedesMosquitoes transmitted The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences, and there are seldom long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see leaflet Chikungunya fever.
- To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous one is particularly dangerous Malaria tropica often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.
- If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.
The risk of malaria is very low in the highlands (Antananarivo) (altitude), but increases significantly in lower parts of the country. There is a high risk of infection on the coast.
To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:
- Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
- Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
- If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.
Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.
- Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
- It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.
HIV / AIDS
There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
Cholera is transmitted through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food and can therefore be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Only a small part of the people infected with cholera get sick and of these in turn the majority with a comparatively mild course. The indication for a cholera vaccination is only given very rarely, usually only in the case of special exposures such as working in hospitals with cholera patients, see information sheet on cholera.
- If necessary, seek advice from a tropical or travel doctor with regard to your risk profile.
The plague is a bacterial disease transmitted by rat fleas that can usually be treated if diagnosed in good time. The plague has been endemic in the central highlands of Madagascar since 1921. By far the most common form, the bubonic plague, occurs regularly with several hundred cases per year, especially in the provinces of Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga and Toamasina. The number of illnesses increases with the beginning of the rainy season (October to March), when rats are close to people and rat fleas spread to people who live under the simplest of conditions. In 2017 there was an unusually early and large outbreak (also in the capital), in which many cases of the highly contagious pneumonic plague also occurred. The government was only able to declare the outbreak over after a few months, after massive interventions by the international community were able to break the chains of infection.
- Minimize the extremely low risk of infection in certain risk constellations by adhering to the basic rules of prevention, see the Pest information sheet.
Schistosomiasis is transmitted when bathing, wading or other leisure activities in or near fresh water by the penetration of worm larvae through the intact skin, see also information sheet Schistosomiasis.
- Consistently refrain from bathing in freshwater waters.
There are no venomous snakes in Madagascar. On the other hand, there are some poisonous species of spiders and scorpions and other animals with potentially strong poisonous effects (e.g. certain, sometimes conspicuously colored, butterfly caterpillars, centipedes, frogs, etc.).
- Be careful where you reach, where you step, and where you sit or lie down.
- Before using duvets and sheets, items of clothing, shoes and headgear, remove any poisonous "lodgers" that may be present by carefully shaking them out.
Medical care in the country cannot be compared with Europe and is often highly problematic in terms of personnel, technology, equipment and / or hygiene. English-speaking medical professionals are hard to find outside of the capital.
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