Who benefited from the Iraq war 1

Who will benefit from the Iraq war?

War is a business. Like any business, it must make a profit for its operators. If his balance is negative, the war will end.

A year before the next US presidential election, Bush critics in the United States are taking stock of the Iraq war that its president and his neo-conservative whisperers began almost half a decade ago. The numbers are sobering: The price of crude oil has risen by 74 percent in the past two years, the US gasoline price has risen 41 percent over the same period, and US debt has grown by 14 percent. This is unquestionably bad for the general population of the United States, but very good for the oil industry and US lenders. Because the profit interests of the big economy are more important to the president than the wishes of his voters, he is happily continuing the war in Iraq.

The Iraq war is particularly encouraging for arms companies. Around half of the US army equipment is currently in Iraq, where it wears out up to nine times faster than in peacetime due to climatic and other factors. In order to compensate for this damage, the US military - and ultimately the taxpayer - must pay an additional twelve billion dollars a year to the defense industry, and that for at least two years over that - if it comes! - End of the war. The war also becomes a little lucrative for women and men on the street if they can be recruited at the recruiting office of the American army. Because there are fewer and fewer volunteers who want to be shot or blown up in Iraq, the US government is attracting new recruits with two-year short-term jobs and a cash bonus of $ 5,000 per capita.

But these are just what German business leaders call "peanuts". The heart of the US looting strategy for Iraq remains the draft of the "hydrocarbon law", whereby hydrocarbon is a disguised technical term for oil. This design comes from the pen of the American consulting firm BearingPoint, which received a US government contract worth $ 240 million in 2003 for the conception of a private sector in Iraq. In early 2006, it was presented to Iraqi oil minister Hussein Al-Shahristani, who then had representatives of the major oil companies ExxonMobil, BP, Shell, ChevronTexaco and ConocoPhillips explain to him in Washington what the law promises to be. The oil minister then pledged to the International Monetary Fund that his parliament would pass the oil law desired by the USA by the end of 2006.

But so far the Iraqi parliamentarians have refused to approve the draft. This is probably due to the previously unpublished bill, which specifies exactly how many of the Iraqi oil wells - after all, a third of the world's oil reserves - can remain in the possession of the Iraqi state and how many it must cede to ExxonMobil, BP, Shell, ChevronTexaco and ConocoPhillips. It remains to be seen how long the parliamentarians, whose daily survival depends on the protection of US troops in the Baghdad Green Zone, can resist the profit-making pursuit of their new business friends.

Even without the oil law, the Iraqi oil industry has long been in the hands of American specialists. The Wall Street Journal spoke of an "oil exodus" last year: 100 Iraqi oil workers have been murdered since the outbreak of war in 2003; Of the 100 top oil managers in the Iraqi Oil Ministry, two-thirds have lost their jobs. Most of the oil engineers in Iraq today are from Texas and Oklahoma.

The construction companies that are building the largest US embassy of all time in the middle of Baghdad for almost 600 million dollars can also look forward to the Iraq war and its consequences. The 1,000 embassy staff working there will be protected and served by several thousand civilians, resulting in additional expenditures of $ 1.2 billion per year. All the food consumed there is flown directly from the United States into Iraq at the expense of the US government - even the complete range of 51 flavors of ice cream from Baskin-Robbins will provide the diplomats heated by desert winds and idiosyncratic Iraqi politicians to cool off.

There are also a hundred small and four gigantic US military bases outside the major Iraqi cities, some of which are up to 50 square kilometers in size and have their own bus routes, shopping centers and restaurants. The American and Iraqi governments have just signed a "Declaration of Principles for a Long-Term Co-operative and Friendly Relationship" according to which 50,000 US soldiers will remain in Iraq permanently - probably for fifty years or more. In addition, there are another 50,000 to 75,000 employees who are supposed to make life easier for the military and their families. Multi-billion contracts for companies like Halliburton, Blackwater, Burger King or Taco Bell are the result. Moreover, the Iraqi government - voluntarily? - obliged to give preferential contracts for the further development of Iraq to US-American companies.

In late November, the New York Times asked its American readers: "Is this country committed to safeguarding peace in Iraq indefinitely? If so, how many American and Iraqi deaths per month is it a reasonable price?" The question is wrongly asked. Dead don't count. The only thing that matters is the dollars, euros, yen or rubles that flow into corporate accounts.