Receive IAS officers their preferred cadre

encyclopedia

Public services in India

The All India Services ((AIS) includes Indian civil service namely Indian Administrative Service, Indian Forest Service and Indian Police Service.[1] A unique feature of All India Services is that the members of these services are recruited from the center (union government in federal politics), but their services are subordinate to different state cadres and they are required to serve both the state and the state below the center .[1] Due to the country's federal policy, this is seen as one of the tools that make union government stronger than state governments. The executives of these three services adhere to the All India Services Rules regarding pay, conduct, vacation, various allowances, etc.[2]

The Ministry of Personnel, Public Complaints and Pensions is the Cadre Control Authority for the Administrative Service, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change for the Forest Service and the Ministry of Interior for the Police Service, while the Recruitment Review of IAS and IPS is carried out by the Commission for the Public Union Service (UPSC) based on the annual public service audit, a joint public service audit, and for the forest service based on the forest service audit. The preliminary examinations (first examination) of the two examinations have been combined since 2012. These officials are recruited and trained by the central government and then assigned to various state cadres.

History

All India Services' history dates back to British times when officials were initially appointed by the Court of Directors of the British East India Company. The service was known as the “Covenanted Civil Service” at the time. Over time, they came to be known as the Indian Civil Service (ICS).

In 1947, when India gained independence, ICS was replaced by the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police (IP) by the Indian Police Service (IPS) and recognized by the Indian Constitution as All-India Services. In 1963 the Indian Forest Service was founded, which was launched in 1966.[3]

Power, purpose and responsibility [edit]

The All India Services Act of 1951 gives the Government of India the power to establish rules governing the recruitment and working conditions of individuals appointed to an All India Service, in consultation with the state governments. All India Service is governed by the All India Service (Conduct) Rules of 1968, which set out the code of conduct for civil servants in general. The All India Service (Conduct) Rules, 1968[4][5] were last changed by the government. published by India by notice in the Official Gazette of India on April 10, 2015.[6]

Type of work [edit]

The responsibilities vary with the seniority of the officer. Junior officers begin probation and move up the hierarchy. At the district level, responsibilities cover district affairs and all development matters, while those at the departmental level also focus on law and order. The development of guidelines takes place at the state and central level.

Allocation, division and squad [edit]

Cadre Allocation Policy [edit]

The central government announced a new recruiting policy for All India Services in August 2017, touted as a policy to ensure the national integration of the bureaucracy and to ensure an All India character of the services.[7][8][9] The existing twenty-six cadres should be divided into fivezones of the Department of Personnel and Training.[10][11][12][13] Under the new policy, a candidate first selects their preference zones in descending order and then specifies a cadre preference from each preferred zone. The candidate then specifies his or her second squad preference for each preferred zone. The zone and squad preference remains in the same order and no change is allowed.[7][8][9]

Officers remain in their assigned cadre or are deputized by the Indian government.[1][14]

Zone Squad
Zone-I AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and Union Territories), Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana
Zone-II Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha
Zone III Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
Zone IV West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland
Zone-V Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala

Indian administrative service [edit]

IAS officers are trained in government affairs. As this is the primary responsibility, each official is assigned a specific office that deals with policy issues in this area. Political matters are determined, modified and interpreted in this office under the direct supervision of the administrative officer in consultation with the minister. The guidelines are also implemented on the recommendation of the officer. The Cabinet Secretary is at the head of the government machinery involved in policymaking, followed by the Secretary / Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary, Director, Under Secretary of State, and Junior Scale Officers in that order. These appointments are filled by civil servants based on seniority in the public service. During the decision-making process, a number of officials convey their views to the minister, who will weigh the matter and make a decision taking into account the problem at hand.

The implementation process includes supervision and touring. The allocation of enormous resources to and by field workers requires oversight and the officials concerned have to respond to questions in Parliament for which they need to be kept well informed.

The official must also represent the government in another country or in international forums. At Deputy Secretary level, he is even empowered to sign agreements on behalf of the government.

A civil servant begins his career in the state with two years probation. This time is spent in training schools, in the secretariat, in branch offices or in the office of a district judge. He receives the position of a magistrate of the subdivision and has to take care of law, order and general administration including development work in the area assigned by him. After the probationary period and 2 years of service as Junior Scale Officer, the Officer is transferred to the Senior Scale. Then he can act as a district judge, director of a public company, or director of a department. The senior scale includes the senior time scale (shared secretary), junior administrative grade (additional secretary), and selection grade (special secretary). The selection grade is awarded for promotion after 13 years of regular service. The next promotion within the state is Commissioner and Secretary after 16 years. This action also entitles you to the Super Time Scale. After 24 years of regular service, an IAS officer can then be promoted to the super timescale, who is designated as chief secretary / finance commissioner in some states

Each state has many secretaries / chief secretaries and only one general secretary. Some secretary appointments are considered more prestigious than others, e.g. B. the finance secretary, the development commissioners and the interior minister, and therefore enjoy the salary of a chief secretary. The secretary general of the state is the most senior civil servant and may be assisted by additional secretaries general. In some cadres / states, e.g. For example, in New Delhi, the Finance Commissioner and other senior secretaries, such as additional secretaries-general, enjoy the salary of the secretary-general.

In the district, the chief administrative officer is the collector or deputy commissioner or the district judge. The DM / Collector / DC take care of the affairs of the district including the development functions. He necessarily travels to all rural sectors, inspecting certain projects, controversial locations, and also examining the problems of the local people.

At the division level, the division commissioner is responsible for his division. Its job is to oversee law and order as well as general administration and development work. Complaints against the division commissioner are heard by the chairman of the finance committee.

Indian Forest Service [edit]

India was one of the first countries in the world to introduce scientific forest management. In 1864 the British Raj founded the Imperial Forest Department. In 1866 the German forest officer Dr. Dietrich Brandis appointed General Inspector for Forests. The imperial forest service was organized in 1867.

Officers appointed from 1867 to 1885 were trained in Germany and France and from 1885 to 1905 at Cooper’s Hill, London, a well-known forestry college. From 1905 to 1926 the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge and the University of Edinburgh took on the task of training officers of the Imperial Forestry Service.

From 1927 to 1932 forest officials were trained at the Imperial Forest Research Institute (FRI) in Dehradun (founded in 1906). Indian Forest College (IFC) was later established in Dehradun in 1938 and trained there as officials recruited by the states and provinces for the Superior Forest Service. Forestry, previously administered by the federal government, was placed on the "provincial list" by the Government of India Act of 1935, and recruitment to the Imperial Forest Service was subsequently discontinued.

The modern Indian Forest Service was established under the 1966 after independence All India Services Act 1951for the protection, maintenance and regeneration of forest resources.

India has an area of ​​635,400 km that is designated as forests, which is about 19.32 percent of the country. Forest is on the Concurrent List.

The ranks of the Indian Forest Service are as follows: Assistant Conservator of Forests - Probation Officer, Divisional Forest Officer (DFOs), Deputy Conservator of Forests, Conservator of Forests (CFs), Chief Conservator of Forests (CCFs), Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Addl.PCCFs), Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF) and Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (HoFF) - highest post in a state, Director General for Forests (India) - highest post in the center, selected from the senior-most PCCFs of states.

Training at Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy is designed so that after completing the probationary period, a forest service officer is tough enough to be deployed in the most difficult areas of India. Another notable feature of this service is that it requires in-depth technical knowledge as well as excellent administrative capacity to accomplish the task. The Government of India also awards Hari Singh Fellowships to Forest Service officials to specialize in remote sensing and geographic information system from the Indian ISRO Institute for Remote Sensing of the University of Twente / ITC Netherlands and the Wildlife Institute of Wildlife India. The forest service staff also work in various international and national organizations dealing with the management of forests, wildlife and the environment, such as the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development, the SAARC Forestry Center, the Forest Survey of India and the Wildlife Institute of India, the Indian Council for Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA), the Directorate of Forest Education, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) etc. as well as holding senior positions in the Central Secretariat The state entrusts secretariats and various tasks within the framework of the central staff plan.

Indian Police Service [edit]

The Indian Police Service, better known as “IPS”, is responsible for internal security, public safety and law and order. In 1948, one year after India gained independence from Great Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service. The IPS is not an independent law enforcement agency. Rather, it is the body to which all high-ranking police officers belong, regardless of the agency they work for.

An IPS officer faces several life threatening, critical, complicated, and harsh conditions. You are entrusted with the general internal security of the entire state as the general director of the police and entire districts as the superintendent of the police and in metropolises as the deputy commissioner or the entire city as the police commissioner. As a police commissioner, you enjoy judicial powers.

After a two-year probationary period, the IPS officer assumes responsibility as the deputy superintendent of the police in a subdivision / district. The term of office is normally 3 years. The next appointment takes place after 4 years as Superintendent of the Police or as Deputy Commissioner of the Police. After 9 years they will be promoted to the Junior Administrative Grade. They then act as Senior Superintendent of the Police and receive the payment of the Selection Grade (Level 13) years in the years 12 to 14, then as Deputy Inspector General of the Police or additional Police Commissioner in 15 years, Inspector General of the Police in 18 years, additional Director General of the Police in 25 years and finally Director General of the Police after 30 years of service.

IPS officers also work in national government agencies such as the Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing, Central Bureau of Investigation, etc. IPS officers are also placed high in the State Secretariat in several PSUs such as GAIL, SAIL, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, etc. Central Secretariat under the Central Staffing Scheme and in CAPFs in leadership positions in the National Security Guards, the Border Security Force, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, the Central Reserve Police Force and the Central Industrial Security Force, etc. An IPS officer has enormous opportunities in various international organizations such as Interpol, the International Cricket Council, the United Nations, consulates (overseas missions) and embassies around the world to work in various functions such as first secretary, consul, consul general, deputy high commissioner, minister, high commissioner and ambassador.

The Director General of Police and the Police Commissioner is the head of the entire state or metropolitan police force (e.g. Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Madhya Pradesh, etc.) and under him the additional DGP / Special Police Commissioner. The general inspector or joint police commissioner is at the head of certain specialized police forces such as the criminal police, the special department, etc.

Reforms and changes

In January 2012, the government amended All India Services Rule 16 (3), which allows the central government, in consultation with the state government, to retire in the public interest after a review after 15 or 25 years of incompetent and inefficient public officials Reaching the age of 50.[15][16][17][18]

On the recommendation of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Complaints and Pensions, from 2014 state officials must complete the four-stage 1,000-mark process including a written examination and an interview by the Commission for the Civil Service of the Union in order to be promoted to the three Indian services was previously based solely on seniority and annual confidential reports.[19][20]

Expected Reforms: 1) Creation of Indian Medical Service for Doctors 2) All India Judicial Service - to attract the best legal talent to the higher judiciary 3) Indian Education Service - to improve the quality of central policy making

See also [edit]

References [edit]

  1. ^ abc“All India Services”. Do you know India Government Official Website.
  2. ^“AlS rules”. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  3. ^Laxmikanth, M., Indian politics, McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN
  4. ^"The All India Service (Conduct) Rules, 1968" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 19, 2016.
  5. ^"Revised All India Services Rules (Vol.-I)". Archived from the original on December 13, 2014.
  6. ^“The Gazette of India” (PDF). April 10, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  7. ^ ab“All India Services Management Allocation Policy-IAS / IPS / IFoS - Reg” (PDF). Ministry of Personnel and Training, Government of India. September 5, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  8. ^ ab“IAS, IPS allocation policy for‘ national integration of bureaucracy realigned ‘“ ”. Hindustan Times. August 23, 2017. OCLC 231696742. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  9. ^ abDutta, Amrita Nayak (August 21, 2017). “New Cadre Policy Focusing on National Integration of All Indian Services”. Daily news and analysis. OCLC 801791672. Archived from the original on August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  10. ^“New management guidelines for IAS, IPS”. The Indian Express. New Delhi. August 24, 2017. OCLC 70274541. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  11. ^Bhaskar, Utpal (August 24, 2017). “The government's proposed cadre policy for IAS, IPS officials is causing trouble”. Live Mint. New Delhi: HT Media Ltd. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  12. ^Shrivastava, Ashwini, ed. (23 August 2017). “Government finalizes new management policy for IAS, IPS officers”. India today. New Delhi. ISSN 0254-8399. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017.
  13. ^"The central government concludes new management policy for IAS and IPS officers." Deccan Chronicle. New Delhi. August 24, 2017. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  14. ^“Consolidated Deputation Guidelines for All Indian Services” (PDF). Ministry of Personnel and Training, Government of India. November 28, 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 18, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  15. ^“Retired Distressed Bureaucrats: Center for States”. July 1, 2012. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012.
  16. ^“Lazy and incompetent babus to retire early”. New Delhi: India Today. November 30, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
  17. ^“Corruption problems can result in Babus having to retire”. New Delhi: India Today. April 21, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  18. ^“Proposal to retire incompetent civil servants after 15 years of service”. New Delhi: Rediff News. November 30, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  19. ^“Exams for Public Service Officials for Promotion to IAS”. April 4, 2014.
  20. ^"Government Officials for Promotion to IAS". April 4, 2014.

External links [edit]