What symptoms appear in women after 40 years

Menopause: When do they start and what symptoms are menopausal

During menopause, women go through a hormonal change. When this process begins varies from person to person. For most of them, it begins around the age of 50 - but sometimes even earlier or later.

Menopause: When does the period stop?

Menopause, also known as climacteric, describes the transition between the fertile and the infertile phase of a woman's life. The ovaries work progressively slower and the production of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone decreases. This process takes several years and can be divided into the following phases of life:

  • Premenopause:From the age of 40 there is a gradual decrease in the hormones estrogen and progesterone and fertility decreases rapidly. The first signs of the onset of menopause are irregular menstrual periods and severe PMS symptoms.
  • Perimenopause: The phase one to two years before and up to a year after menopause (= the moment of the last menstrual period) is called perimenopause. Bleeding and ovulation are becoming more common and there are more menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, sweating, weight gain, mood swings and sleep disorders.
  • Menopause:Menopause is the time of the last menstrual period and thus the beginning of infertility. It takes place on average at the age of 51.
  • Post menopause: Postmenopause begins twelve months after the last menstrual period. Symptoms such as hair loss, back pain, and vaginal dryness can occur.

What are the first signs of menopause?

As a result of changes in the hormonal balance, various symptoms can occur during the menopause. Typical symptoms are, for example, hot flashes, sleeping problems or chest pain. If these occur, the hormonal change is already in full swing. The first signs are noticeable earlier. You can recognize the onset of menopause by the following symptoms:

  • Mood swings
  • Depressive moods
  • sleep disorders
  • Hot flashes
  • Irregularities in the cycle
  • a headache
  • Breast tenderness
  • Water retention
  • Joint pain
  • Dry mucous membranes and vagina

Since the symptoms do not always have to be directly related to menopausal symptoms, you should always consult your family doctor or gynecologist first.

Menopause possible at the age of 40?

For some women, menopause starts very early. For example, the level of the female hormone estrogen can drop sharply by the time you are in your mid-30s. In this case, experts speak of the "premature menopause". It is estimated that around one in 1000 women is affected among 30-year-olds. For 40-year-olds, however, it is one in 100 women who enter menopause prematurely. If younger women experience typical symptoms such as irregular cycles, hot flashes or sudden sweats, you should consult a gynecologist. Based on the hormone level in the blood and a bone density measurement, this can determine whether it is really an early menopause or whether there is possibly another disorder.

Possible causes of premature menopause

The causes of an early onset of menopause can often not be determined one hundred percent. Experts assume that there is either a malfunction of the ovaries or the egg cells are broken down too quickly. Other causes of premature menopause can be cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy or ovarian insufficiency, i.e. a malfunction of the ovaries.

A genetic predisposition or autoimmune diseases can also lead to a drop in hormones and an earlier onset of menopause. Heavy smokers also have a higher risk of early menopausal symptoms. Experts advise affected women to use hormone replacement therapy. Due to the lack of estrogen, bone mass can begin to break down in the body after just a few months, which leads to osteoporosis. Hormone therapy can prevent this.

How long does menopause last?

It often takes several years for the woman to make hormonal changes. Menopause usually lasts between 10 and 15 years. When you start them and how long they last varies from woman to woman. Hereditary and ethnic factors play an important role here.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.