What was the bloodiest revolution
Romania: memories of the dictatorship
When the people in Romania think of the Conducator today, they remember food rationing and empty shelves, a lack of medication and a strict anti-abortion policy that numerous mothers paid with their lives. And they remember a number of villages that Ceausescu had rolled down for their own construction projects while they had to move into matchbox constructions.
You remember the Securitate, the secret service workers of the time who became rich men through forced levies and bribes. Countless letters and phone calls that never remained private. And the physical and mental torture they endured in prisons.
People think back to his wife, Elena Ceausescu. Of the high government posts that her husband gave her and her family. Of their jewelry, their fur coats, their decadent lifestyle, while the citizens themselves had to cope with electricity and water savings. And the construction of their favorite project, the Parliament Palace, which cost around 40,000 Romanians their home in the capital Bucharest.
You also think back to the miserable economic situation. To the export policy of the dictator, which let the people bleed to death. The central economy and industrial development, through which the country amassed huge mountains of debt, and the booming black market, which flourished through the ban on all imports.
Click on the photos to immerse yourself in the different stories:
The Romanian Revolution
In December 1989 the uprisings against the communist regime began. There was a violent confrontation between opponents of the regime and supporters. To this day, it remains unclear who fought whom and whether it was a coup. On December 22nd, Nicolae and his wife Elena Ceausescu fled. They were arrested by the army and charged with genocide in an improvised military tribunal on December 25th. The couple was shot dead on the same day by a firing squad. The revolution goes down as the bloodiest in Eastern Europe. Over 1,000 people lost their lives.
Romania has been part of the EU since 2007, but the population continues to struggle with the consequences of communism: poverty, corruption, unemployment. In 2014, the Romanian-German Klaus Johannis becomes the country's head of state. There have been repeated protests against political corruption since 2017. To this day, the revolution is considered not to have been fully processed.
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