Why do children need rights
In 1989 the General Assembly of the United Nations passed the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In the meantime, this document has been signed by almost every country in the world. World Children's Day, which is always celebrated in Germany on September 20, is also intended to draw attention to the special rights of children.
Actually, children's rights should be a matter of course. Nevertheless, they are broken and disregarded every day around the world: every fourth child in Africa south of the Sahara dies before their fifth birthday. In many countries around the world, girls are treated worse than boys. Not all children are allowed to go to school. This not only deprives them of education, but also of the chance for a better future. It is estimated that 200 million children worldwide have to work. Most of the footballs that German children play with were sewn together by children's hands. Children are abused as child soldiers, become orphans through wars and suffer particularly from flight and displacement. And the list can also be continued here in Germany. Sexual abuse, neglect or abuse by parents are just the spectacular cases.
These are the most important children's rights:
1. All children have the same rights. No child may be disadvantaged. Children have the right to live as healthily as possible.
2. Children have the right to protection and care from their parents. If parents neglect or abuse their children, the state must ensure that the children get a new place to live.
3. Every child has the right to an identity and a family. This includes the right to a name, a birth certificate and nationality.
4. Children must not be arbitrarily separated from their families.
5. Children not only have a right to education, they also have an obligation to attend school.
6. Children have the right to rest and play. So there has to be enough space and space for it.
7. Children have the right to inform themselves, to have their own opinion and to be involved in decisions that affect them. This applies in everyday life as well as in the event of a divorce, for example. Here the children have to be heard about who they want to live with in the future.
8. Every child has the right to a certain standard of living. If parents are unable to do this on their own, the state must offer the parents support.
9. Children are not allowed to work or be exploited.
10. Children must be protected from physical, emotional or sexual violence. It was not until 2000 that the “right to a non-violent upbringing” was established in Germany. Until then, beating was not forbidden as an "educational measure".
11. Disabled children have a special right to care and to an active and as independent life as possible.
12. Children need special protection in war and on the run.
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