What is the most feminine statue ever

Ada Cole

1860 - 1930


Animal rights activist

Ada Cole, English community nurse and animal rights activist, was particularly committed to the protection of horses for slaughter that were shipped from England to mainland Europe. During the 1st World War she was active in the resistance. Since I am also a great horse lover, I would like her to be honored with a memorial stone in the WOMEN'S MEMORIAL LABYRINTH.

Adelheid Popp

1869 - 1939



The autobiography "Youth of a Worker" by Adelheid Popp was the book that made my own situation within the working class clear to me in 1977. The life story of Adelheid Popp touched me deeply and at the same time showed me that I can only change something if I continue my education and stand up for women's rights. Despite 100 years of time difference, there are many parallels in our biographies. In 1893 Adelheid Popp took part in the organization of one of the first women's strikes. In a textile factory, the worker Amalie Seidel called a strike and asked Adelheid Popp for help. Over 700 Viennese workers took part in the successful three-week strike and called for working hours to be reduced and working conditions to be improved. I would like Adelheid Popp to get a place in the FRAUEN-GEDENK-LABYRINTH because she was a role model for many workers.




Saint, priestess of Venus, martyr

According to legend, Afra came from Cyprus, the land of Aphrodite, and came to Augsburg via Rome, where she lived as a priestess of Venus. She converted to Christianity and died a martyr. She was canonized in 1064.

Agatha Christie

1890 - 1976


Crime writer

Agathe Streicher

1520 - April 1581


engaged in nursing

Agathe Streicher 's godmother writes: I admire Agathe Streicher from Ulm because, as a doctor and with her holistic approach to treatment, right up to the last breath of a sick person, she was able to assert personal disadvantages so early on against the mighty male competition and enmity with colleagues and implemented her very human, tolerant and religious principles in everyday life.

Agnes Barmettler



Artist, co-initiator of the Intern. Maze project

Agnes Karll

1868 - 1927


Nursing reformer

In 1903 she founded the first (!) Professional organization for nurses in Germany (non-denominational). The professional organization gave the sisters working outside the associations support in the professional, personal and legal sense, without taking away their right of self-determination in as far-reaching a way as had been the case in most organizations up to now. She gradually achieved improvements in the slave-like condition of the nurses. Agnes Karll and her professional organization proved, in spite of their contradiction in terms of the role of women, that good nursing care was also possible under employment conditions. I would like to pay tribute to your willpower and tireless zest for action at the "Festival of 2000 Women".

Agnes Olmanns

around 1700 - 1738


Victim of the last witch trial on the Lower Rhine

Agnes Olmanns was around 30-40 years old, married and the mother of three daughters. She had been tortured and accused of witchcraft by a younger woman. Both women were victims of the last witch trial in West Germany. Since 1989 the work of art "Gerresheimer Hexenstein" in Düsseldorf-Gerresheim has been a reminder of the two women. At Monika Bunte, Keldenichstr. 82 in 40625 Düsseldorf, the small documentation about the creation of this 2nd European memorial in memory of the women killed as 'witches' can be ordered. (Please enclose € 2.50 in stamps). The first memorial is "Die Rufende" in Gelnhausen by the artist Eva Gesine Wegner.

Dr.med.h.c. Agnes Schoeller

1861 - 1945


Fighter against suffering

In Agnes Schoeller we honor a woman who has cared for her fellow citizens in need in an altruistic way throughout her life. The title of Dr. med. H. c. was awarded to her by the University of Göttingen on her 70th birthday in recognition of her commitment to health care and the promotion of professional medical care for sick people from all walks of life. She had foresight and fought for medical progress.

Agnes Wabnitz

1842 - 1894


Social democrat and trade unionist

Agnes Wabnitz was a seamstress, factory worker, member of the SPD, co-founder of the Berlin Workers' Association and the Association of Berlin Coat Seamstresses. Her "crime" was that she won better living and working conditions for women and children. For this she was taken several times to prisons and asylums and driven to suicide.

Aja Textor Goethe

1731 - 1808


Goethe's mother

Katharina Elisabeth Textor, married. Goethe was also called Frau Rat or Frau Aja. She was married to the imperial councilor Johann Kaspar Goethe and gave birth to six children, of which only the son Johann Wolfgang and the daughter Cornelia survived. In addition to the highly educated husband, who was not professionally successful because of his idiosyncrasy, and who mainly invested his energy in bringing up gifted children, Katharina Elisabeth Goethe preserved her courage to face life and her cheerful, sociable nature. She expressed her genuine, warm-hearted talent for storytelling in the letters she left behind.

Dr. Alberta Lucker

1907 - 1983


Co-founder of the Women's World Peace Conference of Religions

Alberta Lücker was curious about people, their lives and thoughts, their beliefs and actions. As a woman and Christian, she approached people of other religions and developed initiatives and organized works with them. Their own closeness to God inspired the dialogue of different believers for peace as understanding, development and justice. she is co-founder of the Women's World Peace Conference of Religions

Alexandra David-Néel

1868 - 1969


Traveler, orientalist, writer,

Alexandra David-Néel is probably the most important orientalist of our time, who described Tibetan culture and religion in her many philosophical and esoteric books. She spent half of her life in Tibet and Nepal, studied Buddhism and received the honorable title of lamina. Their courage and personal strength spur me on to achieve the impossible.

Alice Kelling

1884 - 1964


Inventor of a special handicraft technique

Alma de L'Aigle

1889 - 1959


Pedagogue, active in the resistance

Alma de l'Aigle was a reform pedagogue and she lived the pedagogy that she passed on to children and adults. Your question was never "what can the child do" but rather "how can I help the child". Every effort for or against something was done out of conviction and with all my heart. I was deeply impressed by her life and so, unconsciously, Alma de l'Aigle became my "affidamento wife".

Ama Adhe



committed to women in Tibet

Amalie Dietrich

1821 - 1891


Botanist and zoologist

Amalie Dietrich came from the poorest of backgrounds and self-taught extensive botanical knowledge. After difficult years in which she was always on foot, she embarked on a 10-year research trip to Australia on behalf of the Hamburg merchant C. Godeffroy in 1863, an unusual and courageous undertaking for a woman at that time. She collected and registered plants, animals, woods and much more and discovered new species in flora and fauna that were later named after her.

Amalie Struve

1824 - 1862


Resistance fighter in the revolution of 1848

She was an active resistance fighter in the Baden Liberation War and was very committed to women's rights. She fought alongside her husband, Gustav Struve, known as a politician and revolutionary. She published a book, "Memories from the Baden Freedom Struggles" (1850) from her exile in England. She later emigrated to America. Through intensive examination in my acting work, I was very animated by the fighting energy of Amalie Struve and I feel the need to pass this power on.

Amelia Earhart

1897 - 1937

United States

Aviation pioneer

The pilot, aviation pioneer, and feminist Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She was world famous even during her lifetime. During her flight around the globe she disappeared in the Pacific Ocean on July 2nd, 1937. It was important to Amelia Earhart to empower women in this almost entirely male profession. In 1929 she founded the 99's (Ninety-Nines), so named because of the 99 female pilots who were there from the start - a worldwide association of women in aviation today. The great solidarity of these women today goes back to the unifying charisma of their founder. Amelia Earhart was a member of the Zonta Club and bequeathed her fortune to it. The foundation established in 1938 annually awards the Amelia Earhart Prize to young women in space technology. Memorial stone godmothers are her biographer, the aviator Marion Hof and Dr. Angelika Machinek, multiple world record holder in gliding.

Ami Pfitzner

1919 - 2000


A committed woman

My mother, Ami Pfitzner, was a strong, self-confident woman who could lead life with children and her very successful career with the state government of Schleswig-Holstein on an equal footing. That was due to our matriarchal life plan: grandmother, mother, two sisters (aunts and friends were also part of it) who all supported each other in all situations. In our extended family, everyone could realize themselves (including the men!). I owe her a life free of fear, because she made sure that we children have learned three professions each, so that we can definitely live independently of partners. There was a lot of work in our family, but parties were celebrated just as often. I am now trying to get on with our life in the spirit of my mother and grandmother.

Amma Sarrha

4th century


Desert mother

Amma Sarrha lived her spirituality as a hermit in the desert, away from the state church and the social expectations of women's life. Only two other "desert mothers" and over 120 "desert fathers" are known by name. These desert mothers and fathers could be described as the first alternative Christian movement. They gave those seeking advice food for thought with sometimes surprising sayings and actions.

Anastasia Geng v. Schwabe

1922 - 2002

Latvia, Germany

Theologian, creator of the Bach flower dances

A wise life coach. For many years she worked in the telephone counseling in Darmstadt. At the age of 60 she learned from Dagmar v. Garnier know the power of meditative dancing - based on the ancient circular dances of the Slavic peoples. She developed her own rituals and dances, of which the so-called Bach flower dances have a special intensity and are widely used. Anastasia Geng v. Schwabe was introduced to her inner sources through dance. Her sentence, once uttered casually, "Do we know whether God is perhaps a goddess?" Comes from the early 80s (!)

Angela Merici

1474 - 1540


Founder of the Ursuline Order

Angela Merici is one of the outstanding women in the early modern church. In 1535 she founded the community of Saint Ursula, the later Ursulines, which has become the most important female teaching order in the Catholic Church to this day.



Goddess of silence

Angerona - She is the mysterious, veiled goddess of silence. With her finger on her mouth, she recalls the silence out of which everything began and into which everything will return. She challenges us women to listen carefully to the unspeakable in today's world and to distinguish between powerful, resistant silence and impotent wordlessness and repression. Under her dark veil of a long winter night, she guards the intact part of the soul of all survivors and the secret knowledge of women.

Dr. Anita Augspurg

1857 - 1943


Radical feminist, anti-fascist, emigrant

She and Lida G. Heymann were leaders of the radical wing of the women's movement: they fought against prostitution, the patriarchal code of law (BGB), and the anti-feminism of the male state in general. Her association "Frauenwohl" demanded equal rights for women in all areas. In 1899 the radicals united in the association of progressive women's associations, which was considered "dangerous to the state".

Anita Lasker-Wallfisch


Germany, Jewess

Cellist in Auschwitz

As a young woman, she survived the two Nazi death camps Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen. In Auschwitz she was the only cellist in the camp's "girls' orchestra". The orchestra had to play to "greet" arriving prisoners who were driven directly into the gas chambers after the selection. After the liberation in Belsen, when she celebrated her 20th birthday, she got a cello there and started playing again. She emigrated to England and became a cellist in the English Chamber Orchestra in London. After years of distancing herself, she is coming back to Germany today, reading from her memories, asking questions and debating, especially with young people. She is a great musician and a great woman.

Prof. Dr. Anitra Karsten

1902 - 1988

Finland, Germany

Founder of the 3rd Age University in Frankfurt

Anitra Karsten was born in Finland and died in Frankfurt am Main. Until shortly before her death, she worked as an honorary professor for gerontology at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. In 1982 she founded the "University of the 3rd Age". This facility offers older people the possibility of further university education and gives young students the chance to learn from the life and work experience of the elderly. Today there are many "senior universities" around the world that are well received and work with great success.


8 century B.C.E.


nameless woman from the Odyssey

She is a Phoenician woman from Canto 15 of the Odyssey. She does not accept being robbed and enslaved, but plans cunningly and ingeniously like Odysseus the escape in order to return home. As a terrifying example for women, it is killed, destroyed as fish feed and - nameless. With the naming and contribution to the "Festival of 2000 Women", Anílya-íla breaks free from rigid myths and shows herself to be a courageous, creative, vital person. The choice of Aniyà-ila inspires me to go further and helps to perceive the struggle of women who insist on self-power, participation, history and responsibility, just their own name.

Anna Amalia

1739 - 1807


German duchess, composer, patron of culture

Anna Bon di Venezia

approx. 1738-1765


Court composer in Bayreuth

She was court composer at the court in Bayreuth with Wilhelmine Margravine von Bayreuth. Anna Bon di Venezia was one of the first musicians of the 18th century whom I, their representative at the "Festival of 2000 Women", was allowed to dust off and bring out again. Formidable!

Anna Edinger

1863 - 1929

Germany, Jewess

socially and culturally committed woman

ANNA EDINGER was the first woman to be awarded the plaque of honor by the city of Frankfurt am Main. "Around 1900 her name was one of the most prominent in the German women's movement. Anna Edinger was one of the first women to be active in socio-political activities in Frankfurt and she was the outstanding organizer of the municipal welfare system. Godmother Helga Heubach writes:" I want the memory of ANNA Keeping EDINGER awake because she can still be a role model for us today. I admire her committed, warm-hearted, disciplined and tireless perseverance over decades. Their aim was not to prevent health or educational damage from spreading in society, but rather culture. Especially for children, young girls and women of the so-called "unfavorable classes" based on a healthy zest for life. "

Anna Haag

1888 - 1982


Politician, suffragette, pacifist, writer

The experience of the political availability of women during the Nazi era motivated Anna Haag after the end of the war to convey to her fellow fates, mothers and housewives like herself, political co-responsibility. She wanted recognition of housewife work (now family work) and in 1947 campaigned for housewives to be employed in the state parliament, because at that time they were excluded from food allowance cards for employees. Because of her experiences in both world wars, working for peace after the end of the war became a central task for her, which shaped her all her life. Anna Haag convinced with her resolute stance against rearmament and a new military service.In 1947 she introduced the initiative law draft to the state parliament, which was co-signed by the ten female MPs: "Nobody may be forced into military service with a weapon." Despite bitter controversy with the male colleagues, the draft was finally adopted in April 1948 and when it was later incorporated into the Basic Law, a reservation of conscience was added: "No one may be forced to do military service against their conscience" (Article 4, Paragraph 3). The right to conscientious objection cannot prevent wars. But for the first time in human history, the individual had the right to refuse the order of the state to kill other people. This put a stop to the manipulation into a general will to go to war, to a belief in war.

The association "Das Erbe der Frauen" would like that the costs of 1000 EUR for the representation of ANNA HAAG within the framework of the "Festival of 2000 Women" and the FRAUEN-GEDENK-LABYRINTH are borne only by those doing community service. We ask you to encourage former and current community service workers in your environment to make a donation of 5 or 10 euros as a reminder and in honor of Anna Haag. Up to May 2005, EUR 255 had been donated by young men.

Anna Katharina Nachtigal

1850 - 1936


The ancestor

The grandmother of my grandmother, ancestress and immovably strong root of my mother family. My heart is filled with gratitude for her. May her name be remembered.

Anna Louisa Karschin

1722 - 1791


Folk poet

Anna Louisa Karschin often lived in dire need because of a lack of school education and despite the hardest work. She felt that she was of "poor physical shape", was abused by two violent husbands and gave birth to seven children in "an iron and nourishing time". And yet she overcame the "timidity and shame of seeing one another so deeply". With her "language of the heart" and the "beauty of her poetry" she won the respect and honor of many important personalities of her time, including King Friedrich II.

Anna Mae Aquash

1945 - 1976

United States

Indian of the Micmac tribe of Canada

She was involved as a leading member of the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the fight for the human rights of the Indian tribes. After the clashes between Indian resistance groups and the FBI in South Dakota culminated in 1973, the AIM leaders were persecuted with brutal and highly illegal police means. In February 1976, the body of Anna Maes was found in a remote location on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota. The judicial authorities made no effort to solve this political murder. Anna Mae Aquash gave her life to free North American Indian people from oppression and the resulting hopelessness and criminalization. A grave was prepared for her by Indian women, and women will carry on their demands for freedom and justice into the new millennium.

Anna Schröder

1879 - 1955


Mother of nine children