What causes apathy

lethargy

Description of lethargy

How is lethargy noticeable?

Lethargy is a disturbance of consciousness that can take on pathological features and at the same time be a symptom of the presence of other diseases. If the person concerned is lethargic, this is expressed by a lack of excitability, extreme tiredness and indifference. A reaction to stimuli from the environment takes place slowly or hardly at all. The symptom is particularly characterized by disinterest, numbness, indifference and passivity. The constant indolence goes hand in hand with burning eyes and a lack of concentration. Often those affected also suffer from palpitations. The lethargy thus affects the activity, the reaction behavior, but especially the communication behavior of the person concerned. Affected people usually fail to reach a normal state of wakefulness over several hours. Lethargy is to be distinguished from apathy. The latter is characterized by the complete non-responsiveness of the person concerned. This does not succeed in reacting to external stimuli. He has an unfeeling effect on his environment. Apathy is a disorder that affects the central nervous system and can be a sign of serious illness. One possible cause of apathy is dementia, as a result of which the person concerned appears apathetic.

Other illnesses that are accompanied by apathy include rabies, hypothyroidism and mental illnesses such as: B. Autism or Depression. From a psychological point of view, apathy is present when the person concerned is in a state of absence of emotions, appears indifferent and indifferent. The accompanying symptoms of apathy are often loss of appetite, insomnia and depressive moods. The symptoms of apathy are very similar to those of lethargy. The transition from lethargy to apathy can be fluid. If the apathetic behavior persists for several weeks, a doctor must be consulted.

Development of lethargy

What are the possible causes of lethargy?

The causes of lethargy are varied and can be traced back to illnesses in particular. If the person concerned suffers from increased intracranial pressure or a brain base tumor, this can be responsible for the feeling of sluggishness. Diseases such as heart failure, insomnia or cancer can also be responsible for lethargy. Furthermore, mental disorders can also lead to lethargy. It is the most common symptom of depression. People who are very tired or have a very low stimulus threshold are also referred to as lethargic. Although there is quick irritability here, one can still assume lethargy.

Treating Lethargy

What are common therapy methods for lethargy?

Since the lethargy is only a symptom of an underlying illness, treatment is applied causally. If this is known, the treatment method can be medicinal and surgical. If the lethargy is due to a brain tumor or brain edema, a complicated procedure must be carried out around and on the brain. If the affected person is lethargic due to a weak heart, this usually has to be treated with medication and a changed lifestyle. If the causes of the lethargy can be traced back to mental illness, various psychotropic drugs are used. If the patient's sleep is the cause of the lethargy, sleep hygiene methods are used to try to achieve a more restful sleep.