Who is god based on hinduism
Hinduism is the third largest religious group after Christianity and Islam with approx. 800 million followers and has its origin on the Indian subcontinent. Members of these religions are usually called Hindu. It is not a uniformly organized religious community, but a community of many religious communities with a similar basis and history. The Hindu chooses his god from many gods (approx. 3 million). There is no creed, no God understood as a unitary person or power, and no founder of a religion such as Jesus or Buddha. However, there are similarities in the doctrine of life, death, and salvation.
1 Religious History of Hinduism
Hinduism is an amalgamation of two different religious systems that over time have become one. The ancient Indian religion and the religion of the Aryans who immigrated from the north. The indigenous population of India, whose history is largely in the dark, was displaced further and further south over time. The elements that do not play a role in the Vedas come from this maternal culture. The worship of female goddesses, sacred animals and the phallic cult (lingam). In the Rigveda of the Aryans, on the other hand, the gods are described as personified natural forces and the belief of the Aryans presented itself as henotheism. The Brahmin caste received a high degree of influence through complicated rituals. Since 500 BC. Hinduism experienced its classical time and essential development handed down to this day, which is largely due to Sanskrit. The main gods were now Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and temples were built, statues of gods were erected and many cult and consecration acts arose. Since the 4th century BC Hinduism lost many followers through Buddhism and was only officially recognized again in the 4th century. From the 8th century onwards, Hinduism was partly displaced by Islam and Sikhism emerged, as did monotheistic tendencies.
2 Scriptures, Beliefs & Gurus
3 role models
3.1 Role of women
Women were treated with greater respect in India than in other ancient cultures. Professor H.H. Wilson said that it is safe to say that no other ancient nation held women in as much respect as the Hindus. Some of the Rig Veda hymns were written by women, and in the Brhadaranyaka Upanishad we find a dialogue between the learned daughter of Vachaknu Gargi and Yajnavalkya. Women receive the same upbringing as men and can also perform religious rites.
The main role of women in Hinduism is motherhood. Women should have as many sons as possible. Daughters have a lower value because at the wedding the girls have to bring their dowries and the family can also become impoverished by paying dowry for too many daughters. This disdain for girls often leads to the abortion of female offspring. This high abortion rate is a problem for which no solution has yet been found.
The woman's task is to remain loyal to the man even after his death and to honor him after his death. Sometimes this even goes so far that the woman can be cremated alive at the cremation of her husband. This so-called widow burning (sati) still partly exists today. It shows how strongly the role of women in Hinduism is still determined by tradition today.
In the family the father is the head; Mother and daughters have to serve him (patriarchy). He makes all the important decisions, such as money, weddings, etc.
3.3 The sacred cow
Since humans became more dependent on dairy products than before, and the only source for this was cows, the cow was vital, that is, sacred. A live cow brought more food than a dead cow. Cattle breeding for the purpose of meat production (so-called processing) requires a very high amount of feed. For the predominantly vegetarian way of life of the Hindus, therefore, considerably less (only approx. 10-20%) of arable land is required than for a meat-based diet.
This article is based on the article Hinduism from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is under the GNU Free Documentation License. A list of the authors is available on Wikipedia.
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