Who is god based on hinduism

Kirchenaustritt.de

Hinduism is the third largest religious group after Christianity and Islam with approx. 800 million followers and has its origin on the Indian subcontinent. Members of these religions are usually called Hindu. It is not a uniformly organized religious community, but a community of many religious communities with a similar basis and history. The Hindu chooses his god from many gods (approx. 3 million). There is no creed, no God understood as a unitary person or power, and no founder of a religion such as Jesus or Buddha. However, there are similarities in the doctrine of life, death, and salvation.

1 Religious History of Hinduism

Hinduism is an amalgamation of two different religious systems that over time have become one. The ancient Indian religion and the religion of the Aryans who immigrated from the north. The indigenous population of India, whose history is largely in the dark, was displaced further and further south over time. The elements that do not play a role in the Vedas come from this maternal culture. The worship of female goddesses, sacred animals and the phallic cult (lingam). In the Rigveda of the Aryans, on the other hand, the gods are described as personified natural forces and the belief of the Aryans presented itself as henotheism. The Brahmin caste received a high degree of influence through complicated rituals. Since 500 BC. Hinduism experienced its classical time and essential development handed down to this day, which is largely due to Sanskrit. The main gods were now Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and temples were built, statues of gods were erected and many cult and consecration acts arose. Since the 4th century BC Hinduism lost many followers through Buddhism and was only officially recognized again in the 4th century. From the 8th century onwards, Hinduism was partly displaced by Islam and Sikhism emerged, as did monotheistic tendencies.

2 Scriptures, Beliefs & Gurus

Hinduism has no founding figure (such as Jesus in Christianity or Buddha in Buddhism). There is also no well-defined collection of scriptures (such as the Christian Bible or the Islamic Koran) that is solely valid or is considered complete. Nevertheless, the Vedas and the Bhagavad Gita are considered to be the basic scriptures of Hinduism and mainly the Vedanta and the Upanishads (secret teachings).
Contrary to the first appearance, Hinduism is a monotheistic religion. The supreme divine is Brahman. It's one thing without a second. It is the totality. Neither male nor female and yet both at the same time. The creative and the created at the same time. It is the source and the ultimate reality. Brahman is never represented in temples because it is devoid of all forms. It is all that is. Brahman is not worshiped because it includes the worshiper. Brahman can only be known in all that is. Advaita (nonduality) is the teaching of Shankara (788-820), which aims at this realization of unity.
In Hinduism, the cosmos is viewed as an ordered whole, ruled by the Dharma, the universal law, which is the natural and moral order.
The concept of God is left to the individual, but the main directions of Hinduism are Shaivism, Vishnuism, Shaktism and Tantrism. The three supreme gods of Hinduism are Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu, who also appear as the trinity, Trimurti. In addition, there are countless other gods who are often understood as children or servants of the trinity, e.g. the elephant-headed god Ganesha and there are also a large number of female deities who are considered consorts or feminine sides of the three main gods, e.g. Sarasvati, Lakshmi and Durga.
According to Hindu beliefs, gods, people and animals wander through the world ages called Yuga in a cycle characterized by an eternal return. During life, good or bad karma is accumulated depending on behavior. According to Hindu ideas, this law of cause and effect of actions influences future reincarnations (samsara) and redemption (nirvana), the emergence of the Atman (Atman is a piece of Brahman that everyone carries within themselves). It is NOT to be compared with the soul, because the soul is something individual (different for everyone) and the Atman is always the same in "cosmic consciousness" (Brahman). Personal enlightenment is the end point of the development of the mind and, depending on the realization of the seeker, this can be achieved through many methods (e.g. yoga).
Belonging to a caste continues to have great social relevance for Indian Hindus, despite the removal of the caste system from the constitution. The original meaning of the caste system was that a person's influence in society should grow with the degree of his selflessness. The principle of the caste order is that living beings are strictly separated from one another from birth according to tasks, rights, duties and abilities. There are different special religious and cultic regulations for the individual castes, which are expressed in all areas of life. The uppermost caste is the priestly caste of the Brahmins, the second caste that of the Kshatriya, the warrior caste, then the Vaishyas, farmers, ranchers, tradesmen and traders and the fourth caste, the Shudras, workers and artisans. The lowest group are the so-called untouchables, the pariah, who often lead a miserable existence and have 'unclean' jobs. All boxes are divided into many sub-boxes, so that there are 2000 to 3000 boxes. Although the caste system originated in Hinduism, it is also practiced there by other religions. Christianization did not always abolish the caste system. In many churches in India, for example, members of the lower castes have to sit in the back.

3 role models

3.1 Role of women

Women were treated with greater respect in India than in other ancient cultures. Professor H.H. Wilson said that it is safe to say that no other ancient nation held women in as much respect as the Hindus. Some of the Rig Veda hymns were written by women, and in the Brhadaranyaka Upanishad we find a dialogue between the learned daughter of Vachaknu Gargi and Yajnavalkya. Women receive the same upbringing as men and can also perform religious rites.

3.1.1 Motherhood

The main role of women in Hinduism is motherhood. Women should have as many sons as possible. Daughters have a lower value because at the wedding the girls have to bring their dowries and the family can also become impoverished by paying dowry for too many daughters. This disdain for girls often leads to the abortion of female offspring. This high abortion rate is a problem for which no solution has yet been found.

3.1.2 Widows

The woman's task is to remain loyal to the man even after his death and to honor him after his death. Sometimes this even goes so far that the woman can be cremated alive at the cremation of her husband. This so-called widow burning (sati) still partly exists today. It shows how strongly the role of women in Hinduism is still determined by tradition today.

3.2 family

In the family the father is the head; Mother and daughters have to serve him (patriarchy). He makes all the important decisions, such as money, weddings, etc.

3.3 The sacred cow

Since humans became more dependent on dairy products than before, and the only source for this was cows, the cow was vital, that is, sacred. A live cow brought more food than a dead cow. Cattle breeding for the purpose of meat production (so-called processing) requires a very high amount of feed. For the predominantly vegetarian way of life of the Hindus, therefore, considerably less (only approx. 10-20%) of arable land is required than for a meat-based diet.

 

This article is based on the article Hinduism from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is under the GNU Free Documentation License. A list of the authors is available on Wikipedia.

 

4 links

Hinduismus.de (search engine for the world of Hinduism)

5 books on Hinduism