Is Dua Qunoot from the Koran

The traditional methods of performing the witr prayer

Praise be to Allah ..

Witr prayer is one of the most powerful things that brings one closer to Allah, exalted be He. So much so that some scholars (the Hanafis) felt it was mandatory. But it is correct that it belongs to the urgent Sunan (Sunan Mu`akkada), which the Muslim should preserve and not omit.

Imam Ahmad, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

"Anyone who fails to do the witr prayer is a wicked man whose testimony should not be accepted."

This proves how urgent the witr prayer is.

It is possible that we can summarize the description of the Witr prayer in the following points:

The time:

It begins from the time in which the person prays the night prayer, even if it was brought forward together with the evening prayer (that is, prayed at the time of the evening prayer) until the break of dawn. For the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Allah has added another prayer to you, which is the witr. Allah set it up for you in the time between night prayer and dawn. "

Narrated by At-Tirmidhi (425) and Al-Albaani classified it in "Sahih At-Tirmidhi" as authentic.

Is it better to bring it forward to the beginning or to postpone it (until the end)?

The Sunnah has indicated that those who want to pray at the end of the night are better off putting off, since prayer at the end of the night is better and is testified (by the angels). And those who fear that they will not get up at the end of the night should pray the Witr prayer before they sleep. Because in the Hadith Jabir reported, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Anyone who fears that they will not get up at the end of the night should pray the Witr prayer at the beginning and those who seek to get up at the end should pray the Witr prayer at the end of the night, because the prayer will be at the end of the night testified. And this is better! "

Narrated by Muslim (755).

An-Nawawi said:

“This is the right thing. The remaining general hadiths are related to this correct and clear preference. This includes:

"My friend instructed me not to sleep without praying the witr prayer." This applies to those who are not sure of getting up. "

From “Sharh Muslim” (277/3).

The number of prayer units:

The shortest / least witr prayer consists of a unit of prayer as the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

"The Witr prayer consists of a unit of prayer at the end of the night."

Narrated by Muslim (752).

And he, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“The prayer in the night is prayed with two prayer units. And if one of you fears the (burglary) of the morning, let him pray a unit of prayer so that what he has already prayed becomes odd. "

Narrated by Al-Bukhari (911) and Muslim (749).

And when man restricts himself to this, he follows the Sunnah. But it is also allowed to perform the witr prayer with three, five, seven and nine prayer units.

If he now prays with three prayer units, he has two methods, both of which are permitted:

First:

That the three are prayed one after the other with only one tashahhud, based on the hadith of ‘Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, in which she said:

"The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, did not use the Taslim in the two prayer units of the Witr prayer."

And in another wording:

"He used to pray in three prayer units and only stay seated in the last."

Narrated by An-Nasaa`i (234/3) and Al-Baihaqi (31/3).

An-Nawawi said, "An-Nasaa`i narrated it with a good chain of narration and Al-Baihaqi with an authentic one."

Secondly:

That you say the Taslim after two prayer units and then pray the Witr prayer with only one. For Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with them, it was narrated that he separated his sheep sein and witr prayer with a taslima and reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him, used to do this. Narrated by Ibn Hibban (2435) and Ibn Hajar said in "Al-Fath" (482/2): "the chain of narration is strong."

But if you pray the witr prayer with five or seven prayer units, then they should be connected and one should only do one tashahhud at the end and say the taslim. Because ‘Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to pray 13 units of prayer every night. Of these he prayed five prayer units as witr prayer, in which he only stayed at the end. "

Narrated by Muslim (737).

Umm Salama, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

"The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to pray the witr prayer with five and seven prayer units, which he separated, neither by the taslim nor by speaking."

Narrated by Ahmad (290/6) and An-Nasaa`i (1714) and An-Nawawi said: "The chain is good." From "Al-Fath Ar-Rabbaani" (297/2). Al-Albaani classified him in "Sahih An-Nasaa`i" as authentic.

And if you pray the witr prayer with nine prayer units, then you should go through it and sit down on the eighth for the tashahud, then get up without saying the taslim and then do the tashahhud in the ninth and say the taslim.

‘Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, reported, as it is in Muslim (746), that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to sit down only at the eighth when he prayed nine prayer units. Then he remembered Allah, praised Him and called on Him. Then he got up without speaking the Taslim, then he stood in the ninth and sat on it, remembered Allah, praised Him and called on Him. Then he pronounced a taslim which he let her hear.

If one wants to pray the Witr prayer with eleven prayer units, then one should say the Taslim at every second prayer unit and pray the Witr prayer with only one prayer unit.

In the first prayer unit one should read the sura “Sabbih Isma Rabbika Al-A’la” (Sura Al-A’la) completely, in the second “Al-Kafirun” and in the third “Al-Ikhlaas”.

An-Nasaa`i (1729) narrated from Ubayy ibn Ka’b who said:

"The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to read" Sabbih Isma Rabbika Al-A'la "," Qul yaa ayyuhal Kafirun "and" Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad "in the Witr prayer."

All of these descriptions of the witr prayer were given in the Sunnah. It is most perfect when the Muslim not only adheres to one, but rather follows this description one time and that one another time, etc., until one has practiced all Sunan.

And Allah, exalted be He, knows better.