How many Indians speak Burmese

What languages ​​are spoken in Myanmar (Burma)?

Almost 100 languages ​​are spoken in Myanmar (Burma). The most popular is Burmese, which is spoken by two-thirds of the country's population. English is a popular foreign language in the country.

The official language of Myanmar

The official language of Myanmar is Burmese. It is also the most widely spoken language in the country. Burmese, a Sino-Tibetan language, is the mother tongue of millions of Bamars who speak it as their first language. Burmese is also spoken by the Mon ethnic minority and some other ethnic minorities in Myanmar. The Burmese language is related to the Chinese and Tibetan languages. The script used to write Burmese was developed from a South Indian script in the 5th century. Burmese is taught in schools across the country and in Myanmar's numerous monasteries. The language is age-oriented and involves the use of honorary degrees. Over 32 million people speak Burmese as their mother tongue. Another 10 million people speak it as a second language.

Native languages ​​of Myanmar


The Shan language is a native language of Myanmar spoken by the Shan people. The language is mainly spoken in the Shan state of the country. It is also spoken of in some parts of Burma's Kachin State. The Shan language belongs to the Tai Kadai language family. About 3.2 million people speak the Shan language.

Karen languages

The Karen languages ​​are a group of tonal languages ​​spoken by the Karen people in Myanmar. The language is divided into three primary branches, namely Pwo, Sqaw and Pa'o. The languages ​​are written using the Burmese script.


A significant number of people from the Kachin State of Burma speak the Kachin or Jingpho language, a member of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Over 900,000 ethnic Kachins speak the Kachin language in Burma.


The Mon language, an Austro-Asian language, is spoken by 750,000 Mon people living in Myanmar. Not all residents of the country speak this language as a significant part of the Mon population here is monolingual in Burmese. Most of the Mon-speakers in Myanmar live in Mon State. Katyin State and Tanintharyi Region also have significant Mon-speaking populations.

Several other minority languages ​​are spoken by the various ethnic communities in Myanmar.

Foreign languages ​​spoken in Myanmar

English is an important foreign language, the study of which is strongly promoted in Myanmar. Although Burmese is used as the primary language of instruction in schools across the country, English is taught as a second language. For a period in the past (from the late 19th century to 1964), English was taught as the primary language of instruction in national educational institutions.

Author: Kimberly Keller

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