Is it cold in Australia?
Climate Australia: weather, seasons, climate zones & Co
The Climate in Australia is characterized by four different zones. The tropical zone extends over the northern coastal region. On the west and east coast there is a predominantly subtropical climate. On the other hand, a moderate climate can be found on the south coast. The largest climate zone in terms of area is the continental desert climate of Central Australia (Outback). The climate in Australia is essentially determined by the tropical low pressure belt, the trade wind zone and the subpolar westerly winds. Since the 5th continent is south of the equator, the seasons in Down Under are opposite to those in the northern hemisphere.
- Spring: September - November
- Summer: December - February
- Autumn: March May
- Winter: June August
The tropical zone of the north is characterized by hot and humid temperatures in summer and uniformly warm temperatures in winter. In the tropical zone there is rainy and dry season. The rainy season (wet season) is from November to April, the dry season (dry season) from May to October. During the rainy season, monsoon rains and hurricanes (cyclones) occur, which can lead to widespread flooding. The mosquitoes are also extremely sucking at this time and definitely outnumber them, which can affect some evenings outdoors.
In the subtropical zone on the west and east coast, the temperatures are somewhat more moderate and the precipitation is lower than in the tropical zone. The temperatures here rarely drop below 20 ° C (at noon) or 10 ° C (at night) in winter and are always very pleasant even in summer with an average of 20 - 30 ° C.
The warm temperate zone in the south of the country has hot summers and mild winters. The summer remains largely free of precipitation, in winter it rains more frequently. The climate in Australia often goes completely crazy. In Melbourne, for example, the weather can change so much several times a day that it gives the impression that one has lived through all four seasons within a few hours.
In Central Australia (Outback) there is hardly any precipitation all year round and when it does, it is short and heavy. The temperatures are extremely hot during the day in summer, the nights are cool. In winter the days are warm, in the nights temperatures can drop below freezing point.
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Climate table Sydney
Weather - best travel times
The weather in Australia is very diverse and can vary greatly depending on the region and season. This is of course also due to the immense area of the 5th continent, which is 21 times larger than Germany. To get an overview of the best travel times, Down Under is divided into four parts and explained with regard to the weather depending on the season.
Central Australia (Outback)
The best time to travel to the Outback is from April to October (Australian winter). Temperatures are high during the day, but not as extreme as in summer. It can get quite cold at night, which is why you should definitely think of appropriate equipment (sleeping bag, warm clothing).
West & East Coast
The west and east coast can actually be traveled all year round. The further north you are, the more tropical the weather in Australia and with it the characteristics of the rainy season and tropical heat. In the south the winters are a bit cooler and especially the nights can be very fresh.
For the tropical north coast, the travel time from April to November (dry season) is best suited. In the rainy season it is hot and humid and there are thunderstorms with heavy rainfall, which can lead to floods and make roads impassable. From November to April, bathing near the coast is only possible to a limited extent due to poisonous swarms of jellyfish (see box jellyfish).
For the south coast, the best weather to travel is from October to March. In the period from April to September the days can get relatively cool and windy - the nighttime temperatures sometimes even drop to freezing point.
The climate in Australia is evidently changing with serious consequences. Australia is one of the countries with the highest CO2 emissions per capita, which is mainly due to the electricity generated by the coal, which is in abundance in this country. In addition to the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, methane, which is produced by intensive livestock farming, also contributes to global warming. Australians are already suffering from the consequences of climate change. Droughts, water scarcity, storms and bushfires threaten people and make farming more and more difficult. The Australian government only recently discovered the issue of environmental protection after years of reluctance to commit to binding climate protection regulations. A danger that has existed for years is the ozone hole over the southern polar region. Due to its geographical location, the ozone layer over the 5th continent is so thin that the dangerous UV radiation is only inadequately blocked. In order to avoid sunburns and long-term effects such as skin cancer, adequate sun protection is therefore an absolute must.
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