Have you seen any satirical news

Satire News vs. Fake News: Is There A Limit To Fun?

FAQ: Satire News

What is the difference between satire news and fake news?

Satire is an art form that is often used to exaggerate grievances. Fake news, on the other hand, is intended to influence public opinion in a targeted manner.

Does satire have to be labeled?

There is no obligation to do so. In newspapers, however, these are usually printed as glosses. In this way, you can avoid being misled by the satirical false report.

When does satire go too far?

This is always the case when content is no longer covered by the right to freedom of expression and can, for example, be viewed as an insult, defamation or defamation.

News as an art form

in the age The fake news gets a special form of journalistic hoaxincreasingly in focus: Satire news (the term satire news is often used) deliberately the truth not. Rather, it should be the strong one Oversubscription certain aspects of the Laughing and thinking stimulate.

But how far may the authors of Satire news walk? What if through the false claims the personal rights of some people are violated?

This guide explains which Provisions When it comes to satirical news, what limits exist and whether or not deliberate false reports must be marked as such.

The fine line between expression of opinion and violation of personal rights

Satire is both by the right to free expression as well as through the Artistic freedom protected. Both fundamental rights are in Article 5 of the German Basic Law (GG) recorded:

(1) Everyone has the right to freely express and disseminate his or her opinion in words, writing and images and to obtain information from generally accessible sources without hindrance. Freedom of the press and freedom of reporting through radio and film are guaranteed. Censorship does not take place. [...]
(3) Art and science, research and teaching are free. The freedom of teaching does not release from loyalty to the constitution. "

Satire news is not so much a press product as it is art. Both the satirical work itself and its author are constitutionally protected. This freedom across from are however the general personal rights of every human being. Articles 1 and 2 of the Basic Law define both the Would of people as well as their right to free development of personality as particularly worthy of protection.

So it applies in each individual case to weigh upwhich fundamental right as more serious is to be classified when false messages the Personal rights hurt a victim.

Since the legal assessment of satire news two Fundamental rights a case-by-case examination is always necessary. The principle "Satire is allowed to do everything" therefore applies not unlimited.

Do satirical messages have to be marked as such?

It exists no obligationTo make satirical news recognizable to the reader. Usually newspapers and magazines assign it discreet indicate that it is false news satire acts.

In particular on April 1st Many media write satirical messages, which they are the first to write one day later reveal as an "April Fool's joke".

What if satirical news goes too far?

Satire news hurts the Personal rights of a person, he can take legal action against the author or the disseminator. Legal violations are particularly in the following cases in front:

  • Insult - withdrawal of the equivalence a person, violation of his honor
  • Defamation - Dissemination of facts that disparage or despise a person, without knowingwhether these facts are true
  • Defamation - Conscious Spreading false facts to degrade a person

Those affected by these facts can a number of rights assert. First of all, they are entitled to Rectification. So when satirical news claims false facts and the Personal rights injure a person, the publishing medium must have a Rectification release.

In addition, those affected have one Right to omission: With the help of a cease-and-desist declaration or a injunction will prevent the allegations in the future more widespread become.

After all, there is usually one Right to compensation and compensation for pain and suffering. How high the respective sums turn out is solely from the respective context dependent and will be decided in court. An assessment is therefore necessary in advance not possible.

Also the assessment when one of the above-mentioned facts is to be regarded as fulfilled, depends on the context from. So judged it Hamburg District Court for example, that the title of a politician as a "Nazi bitch" in a satirical program not as an insult was true.
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Satire News vs. Fake News: Is There A Limit To Fun?
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