Buddhists believe in evolution

In the past few years, the Pew Research Center has experimented with several survey formats in order to move on the subject of "evolution or creation?" - in the field of tension between religious conviction and scientific knowledge - on a methodically thoroughly examined terrain. These methodological reviews are extensively explained.

The extent to which the opinions have religious / ideological connotations is shown by the results of a survey from 2014, in which a two-stage question was asked: “A first question asked the participants whether they think that people and other living beings will change over time - in accordance with Charles Darwin's theory of evolution - or whether they believe that man has existed in his present form since the beginning of time, as in the creation story of the book of Genesis. Those who said they accepted the idea of ​​evolution were then asked a second question: do they think evolution occurred through natural processes such as natural selection or through processes directed or permitted by God. "
With the first question the "creationists" were filtered out, with the second question a distinction was made between the "Darwinists" - development based on a natural process - among those who took the view that humans had developed over time. as well as the followers of an "intelligent design" - development under guidance / after the design of a higher being. (Designations that are also used in Germany.)

The surveys from 2009 to 2014 show a share of the “development over time” of around 60 percent. The survey presented (from 2014) then shows the differences according to religion / worldview.

Creationists (who believe in creation) are primarily Jehovah's Witnesses (74 percent), Evangelicals (57 percent), and Mormons (52 percent). The proportion of members of other non-Christian religions refers to the Christian / Muslim belief in creation. Only a few of the Buddhists (13 percent), the Hindus (17 percent) and the Jewish believers (16 percent) share such a belief, in contrast to the Muslims, who at 41 percent are creationists, the Christian average (42 percent).

The view that human development is based on natural evolution is shared above all by atheists (91 percent), agnostics (83 percent) and Buddhists (67 percent) and the Hindus (62 percent).

The younger the respondents, the higher the proportion of “evolutionists”, with 44 percent among the 18-29 year olds and 25 percent among the 65-year-olds and older. The educational difference is also evident, with the majority (44 percent) of university graduates recognizing evolution, while the majority (40 percent) of those surveyed with a simple school education believe in creation.

The fact that the difference between humans and animals plays a role in the perception of evolution / creation is indicated by a survey (from 2013) in which consistently more respondents agree to an evolution in the development of animals than they acknowledge it for the development of humans .

Compared to previous polls in the USA, the proportion of creationists has since decreased and the proportion of both evolutionists and intelligent design enthusiasts has risen accordingly.

(CF)